B = shiftdim(X,n)
[B,nshifts] = shiftdim(X)
B = shiftdim(X,n) shifts the dimensions of X by n. When n is positive, shiftdim shifts the dimensions to the left and wraps the n leading dimensions to the end. When n is negative, shiftdim shifts the dimensions to the right and pads with singletons.
[B,nshifts] = shiftdim(X) returns the array B with the same number of elements as X but with any leading singleton dimensions removed. A singleton dimension is any dimension for which size(A,dim) = 1. nshifts is the number of dimensions that are removed.
If X is a scalar, shiftdim has no effect.
The shiftdim command is handy for creating functions that, like sum or diff, work along the first nonsingleton dimension.
a = rand(1,1,3,1,2); [b,n] = shiftdim(a); % b is 3-by-1-by-2 and n is 2. c = shiftdim(b,-n); % c == a. d = shiftdim(a,3); % d is 1-by-2-by-1-by-1-by-3.