Move all statements after the function definition to before the first local function definition

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Please help me to resolve this error. Below is my code.
clear all; close all; clc;
% calculate alpha m and beta m based on Table 2
function [alpha_m, beta_m] = m_equations(V, Vrest)
alpha_m = (2.5-0.1*(V-Vrest))/(exp(2.5-0.1*(V-Vrest))-1);
beta_m = 4*exp((Vrest-V)/18);
end
% calculate alpha n and beta n based on Table 2
function [alpha_n, beta_n] = n_equations(V, Vrest)
alpha_n = (0.1-0.01*(V-Vrest))/(exp(1-0.1*(V-Vrest))-1);
beta_n = 0.125*exp((Vrest-V)/80);
end
% calculate alpha h and beta h based on Table 2
function [alpha_h, beta_h] = h_equations(V, Vrest)
alpha_h = 0.07*exp((Vrest-V)/20);
beta_h = 1/(1+exp(3-0.1*(V-Vrest)));
end
function HodgkinHuxley
Vrest = 0; % mV− change this to −65 ifdesired
dt = 0.01; % ms
totalTime = 150; % ms
C = 1; % uF/cm^2
% constants; values based on Table 1
E_Na = 115 + Vrest; % mV
E_K = -6 + Vrest; %mV
E_Leak = 10.6 + Vrest; % mV
g_Na = 120; % mS/cm^2
g_K = 36; % mS/cm^2
g_Leak = 0.3; % mS/cm^2
% Vector oftimesteps
t = [0:dt:totalTime];
% Current input −− change this to see how different inputs affect the neuron
I_current = ones(1,length(t))*0.0; I_current(50/dt:end) = 3;
% Input of3 microA/cm2 beginning at 50 ms and steady until end oftime period.
% initializing values V(1) = Vrest; % membrane potential is starting at its resting state
% separate functions to get the alpha and beta values
[alphaM, betaM] = m_equations(V(1), Vrest);
[alphaN, betaN] = n_equations(V(1), Vrest);
[alphaH, betaH] = h_equations(V(1), Vrest);
% initializing gating variables to the asymptotic values when membrane potential
% is set to the membrane resting value based on equation 13
m(1) = (alphaM / (alphaM + betaM));
n(1) = (alphaN / (alphaN + betaN));
h(1) = (alphaH / (alphaH + betaH));
% repeat for time determined in totalTime , by each dt
for i = 1:length(t)
% calculate new alpha and beta based on last known membrane potenatial
[alphaN, betaN] = n_equations(V(i), Vrest);
[alphaM, betaM] = m_equations(V(i), Vrest);
[alphaH, betaH] = h_equations(V(i), Vrest);
% conductance variables − computed separately to show how this
% changes with membrane potential in one ofthe graphs
conductance_K(i) = g_K*(n(i)^4);
conductance_Na(i)=g_Na*(m(i)^3)*h(i);
% retrieving ionic currents
I_Na(i) = conductance_Na(i)*(V(i)-E_Na);
I_K(i) = conductance_K(i)*(V(i)-E_K);
I_Leak(i) = g_Leak*(V(i)-E_Leak);
% Calculating the input
Input = I_current(i) - (I_Na(i) + I_K(i) + I_Leak(i));
% Calculating the new membrane potential
V(i+1) = V(i) + Input* dt*(1/C);
% getting new values for the gating variables
m(i+1) = m(i) + (alphaM *(1-m(i)) - betaM * m(i))*dt;
n(i+1) = n(i) + (alphaN *(1-n(i)) - betaN * n(i))*dt;
h(i+1) = h(i) + (alphaH *(1-h(i)) - betaH * h(i))*dt;
end
end
figure('Name', 'Gating Parameters')
plot(t(45/dt:end),m(45/dt:end-1), 'r',t(45/dt:end), n(45/dt:end-1), 'b',t(45/dt:end ), h(45/dt:end-1), 'g', 'LineWidth', 2)
legend('m', 'n', 'h')
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('')
title('Gating Parameters')
figure('Name', 'Membrane Potential vs input')
subplot(2,1,1)
plot(t(45/dt:end),V(45/dt:end-1), 'LineWidth', 2)
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
title('Action Potential')
subplot(2,1,2)
plot(t(45/dt:end),I_current(45/dt:end), 'r', 'LineWidth', 2)
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
title('Input')
figure('Name', 'Conductance')
plot(t(45/dt:end),V(45/dt:end-1), 'r',t(45/dt:end), conductance_Na(45/dt:end), 'b', t(45/dt:end), conductance_K(45/dt:end), 'g', 'LineWidth', 2)
legend('Action Potential', '\ch{Na+} Conductance', '\ch{K+} Conductance')
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
title('Conduction of \ch{K+} and \ch{Na+}')
% Special graph to show ionic current movement
Vrest = 0;
voltage = [-100:0.01:100];
for i = 1:length(voltage)
[alphaN, betaN] = n_equations(voltage(i), Vrest);
[alphaM, betaM] = m_equations(voltage(i), Vrest);
[alphaH, betaH] = h_equations(voltage(i), Vrest);
taum(i) = 1/(alphaM+betaM);
taun(i) = 1/(alphaN+betaN);
tauh(i) = 1/(alphaH+betaH);
xm(i) = alphaM/(alphaM+betaM);
xn(i) = alphaN/(alphaN+betaN);
xh(i) = alphaH/(alphaH+betaH);
aN(i) = alphaN;
bN(i) = betaN;
aM(i) = alphaM;
bM(i) = betaM;
aH(i) = alphaH;
bH(i) = betaH;
end
figure('Name', 'Equilibrium Function');
plot(voltage, xm, voltage, xn, voltage, xh, 'LineWidth', 2);
legend('m', 'n', 'h');
title('Equilibrium Function');
xlabel('mV');
ylabel('x(u)');
xlabel('Time (ms)')
This is the error I am getting
>> HH_Model
Error: File: HH_Model.m Line: 70 Column: 1
Function definitions in a script must appear at the end of the file.
Move all statements after the "HodgkinHuxley" function definition to before the first local function definition.
>> HH_Model
Error: File: HH_Model.m Line: 71 Column: 1
Function definitions in a script must appear at the end of the file.
Move all statements after the "HodgkinHuxley" function definition to before the first local function definition.

Accepted Answer

Mathieu NOE
Mathieu NOE on 23 May 2022
hello
put all functions at the end , after the main code
this works now :
clear all; close all; clc;
% calculate alpha m and beta m based on Table 2
Vrest = 0; % mV− change this to −65 ifdesired
dt = 0.01; % ms
totalTime = 150; % ms
C = 1; % uF/cm^2
% constants; values based on Table 1
E_Na = 115 + Vrest; % mV
E_K = -6 + Vrest; %mV
E_Leak = 10.6 + Vrest; % mV
g_Na = 120; % mS/cm^2
g_K = 36; % mS/cm^2
g_Leak = 0.3; % mS/cm^2
% Vector oftimesteps
t = [0:dt:totalTime];
% samples = length(t);
V = zeros(size(t));
% Current input −− change this to see how different inputs affect the neuron
I_current = ones(1,length(t))*0.0; I_current(50/dt:end) = 3;
% Input of3 microA/cm2 beginning at 50 ms and steady until end oftime period.
% initializing values V(1) = Vrest; % membrane potential is starting at its resting state
% separate functions to get the alpha and beta values
[alphaM, betaM] = m_equations(V(1), Vrest);
[alphaN, betaN] = n_equations(V(1), Vrest);
[alphaH, betaH] = h_equations(V(1), Vrest);
% initializing gating variables to the asymptotic values when membrane potential
% is set to the membrane resting value based on equation 13
m(1) = (alphaM / (alphaM + betaM));
n(1) = (alphaN / (alphaN + betaN));
h(1) = (alphaH / (alphaH + betaH));
% repeat for time determined in totalTime , by each dt
for i = 1:length(t)
% calculate new alpha and beta based on last known membrane potenatial
[alphaN, betaN] = n_equations(V(i), Vrest);
[alphaM, betaM] = m_equations(V(i), Vrest);
[alphaH, betaH] = h_equations(V(i), Vrest);
% conductance variables − computed separately to show how this
% changes with membrane potential in one ofthe graphs
conductance_K(i) = g_K*(n(i)^4);
conductance_Na(i)=g_Na*(m(i)^3)*h(i);
% retrieving ionic currents
I_Na(i) = conductance_Na(i)*(V(i)-E_Na);
I_K(i) = conductance_K(i)*(V(i)-E_K);
I_Leak(i) = g_Leak*(V(i)-E_Leak);
% Calculating the input
Input = I_current(i) - (I_Na(i) + I_K(i) + I_Leak(i));
% Calculating the new membrane potential
V(i+1) = V(i) + Input* dt*(1/C);
% getting new values for the gating variables
m(i+1) = m(i) + (alphaM *(1-m(i)) - betaM * m(i))*dt;
n(i+1) = n(i) + (alphaN *(1-n(i)) - betaN * n(i))*dt;
h(i+1) = h(i) + (alphaH *(1-h(i)) - betaH * h(i))*dt;
end
figure('Name', 'Gating Parameters')
plot(t(45/dt:end),m(45/dt:end-1), 'r',t(45/dt:end), n(45/dt:end-1), 'b',t(45/dt:end ), h(45/dt:end-1), 'g', 'LineWidth', 2)
legend('m', 'n', 'h')
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('')
title('Gating Parameters')
figure('Name', 'Membrane Potential vs input')
subplot(2,1,1)
plot(t(45/dt:end),V(45/dt:end-1), 'LineWidth', 2)
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
title('Action Potential')
subplot(2,1,2)
plot(t(45/dt:end),I_current(45/dt:end), 'r', 'LineWidth', 2)
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
title('Input')
figure('Name', 'Conductance')
plot(t(45/dt:end),V(45/dt:end-1), 'r',t(45/dt:end), conductance_Na(45/dt:end), 'b', t(45/dt:end), conductance_K(45/dt:end), 'g', 'LineWidth', 2)
legend('Action Potential', '\ch{Na+} Conductance', '\ch{K+} Conductance')
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
title('Conduction of \ch{K+} and \ch{Na+}')
% Special graph to show ionic current movement
Vrest = 0;
voltage = [-100:0.01:100];
for i = 1:length(voltage)
[alphaN, betaN] = n_equations(voltage(i), Vrest);
[alphaM, betaM] = m_equations(voltage(i), Vrest);
[alphaH, betaH] = h_equations(voltage(i), Vrest);
taum(i) = 1/(alphaM+betaM);
taun(i) = 1/(alphaN+betaN);
tauh(i) = 1/(alphaH+betaH);
xm(i) = alphaM/(alphaM+betaM);
xn(i) = alphaN/(alphaN+betaN);
xh(i) = alphaH/(alphaH+betaH);
aN(i) = alphaN;
bN(i) = betaN;
aM(i) = alphaM;
bM(i) = betaM;
aH(i) = alphaH;
bH(i) = betaH;
end
figure('Name', 'Equilibrium Function');
plot(voltage, xm, voltage, xn, voltage, xh, 'LineWidth', 2);
legend('m', 'n', 'h');
title('Equilibrium Function');
xlabel('mV');
ylabel('x(u)');
xlabel('Time (ms)')
%%%%%%%% functions section - always after main code %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
function [alpha_m, beta_m] = m_equations(V, Vrest)
alpha_m = (2.5-0.1*(V-Vrest))/(exp(2.5-0.1*(V-Vrest))-1);
beta_m = 4*exp((Vrest-V)/18);
end
% calculate alpha n and beta n based on Table 2
function [alpha_n, beta_n] = n_equations(V, Vrest)
alpha_n = (0.1-0.01*(V-Vrest))/(exp(1-0.1*(V-Vrest))-1);
beta_n = 0.125*exp((Vrest-V)/80);
end
% calculate alpha h and beta h based on Table 2
function [alpha_h, beta_h] = h_equations(V, Vrest)
alpha_h = 0.07*exp((Vrest-V)/20);
beta_h = 1/(1+exp(3-0.1*(V-Vrest)));
end

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