How to adjust plot?

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Haya Ali
Haya Ali on 27 Jun 2022
Commented: Haya Ali on 27 Jun 2022
How can I adjust my x axis to start from 0 in the figures. When I set xlim then the figures become totally changed. Please help me to adjust the code.
clear all; close all; clc;
Vrest = 0; % mV− change this to −65 ifdesired
dt = 0.01; % ms
totalTime = 150; % ms
C = 20; % uF/cm^2
V_Ca = 120; %mV %Reversal potential for Ca2+ current
V_K = -84; %mV %Reversal potential for K+ current
V_Leak = -60; %mV %Reversal potential for leak current
g_Ca = 4.4; % mS/cm^2 % Maximal conductance associated with Ca2+ current
g_K = 8; % mS/cm^2 % Maximal conductance associated with K+ current
g_Leak = 2; % mS/cm^2 % Conductance associated with leak current
V_1 = -1.2; % mV
V_2 = 18; % mV
% Vector oftimesteps
t = [0:dt:totalTime];
% samples = length(t);
V = zeros(size(t));
% Current input −− change this to see how different inputs affect the neuron
I_current = ones(1,length(t))*0.0;
I_current(45/dt:end) = 90; % Input of 0 microA/cm2 beginning at 50 ms and steady until end of time period.
% initializing values
V(1) = Vrest; % membrane potential is starting at its resting state
% separate functions to get the alpha and beta values
[alphaW, betaW] = w_equations(V(1));
% initializing gating variables to the asymptotic values when membrane potential
% is set to the membrane resting value based on equation 13
w(1) = (alphaW / (alphaW + betaW));
% repeat for time determined in totalTime , by each dt
for i = 1:length(t)
% calculate new alpha and beta based on last known membrane potenatial
[alphaW, betaW] = w_equations(V(i));
minf = 1/2*(1 + tanh((V-V_1)/V_2));
% conductance variables − computed separately to show how this
% changes with membrane potential in one ofthe graphs
conductance_Ca(i) = g_Ca*(minf(i));
conductance_K(i)=g_K*(w(i));
% retrieving ionic currents
I_Ca(i) = conductance_Ca(i)*(V(i)-V_Ca);
I_K(i) = conductance_K(i)*(V(i)-V_K);
I_Leak(i) = g_Leak*(V(i)-V_Leak);
% Calculating the input
Input = I_current(i) - (I_Ca(i) + I_K(i) + I_Leak(i));
% Calculating the new membrane potential
V(i+1) = V(i) + Input* dt*(1/C);
% getting new values for the gating variables
w(i+1) = w(i) + (alphaW *(1-w(i)) - betaW * w(i))*dt;
end
%%
%figure('Name', 'Membrane Potential vs input')
%subplot(2,1,1)
%plot(t(45/dt:end),V(45/dt:end-1), 'LineWidth', 2)
%xlabel('Time (ms)')
%ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
%title('Action Potential')
%subplot(2,1,2)
%plot(t(45/dt:end),I_current(45/dt:end), 'r', 'LineWidth', 2)
%xlabel('Time (ms)')
%ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
%title('Input')
figure('Name', 'Membrane Potential vs input')
plot(t(45/dt:end),V(45/dt:end-1), 'LineWidth', 2)
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
title('Action Potential')
figure('Name', 'Gating Parameters')
plot(t(45/dt:end),w(45/dt:end-1), 'g','LineWidth', 2)
hold on
plot(t(45/dt:end),minf(45/dt:end), 'm','LineWidth', 2)
legend('w','minf')
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('')
title('Gating Parameters')
figure('Name', 'Conductance')
plot(t(45/dt:end),V(45/dt:end-1), 'r', t(45/dt:end), conductance_Ca(45/dt:end), 'b', t(45/dt:end), conductance_K(45/dt:end), 'g', 'LineWidth', 2)
legend('Action Potential', 'Ca+ Conductance', 'K+ Conductance')
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
title('Conduction of K+ and Ca+')
figure('Name', 'Currents')
plot(t(45/dt:end),I_Ca(45/dt:end), 'r',t(45/dt:end),I_K(45/dt:end), 'b', 'LineWidth', 2)
legend('ICa+', 'IK+')
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Current')
title ('Currents')
% Special graph to show ionic current movement
Vrest = 0;
voltage = [-100:0.01:100];
for i = 1:length(voltage)
[alphaW, betaW] = w_equations(voltage(i));
tauw(i) = 1/(alphaW+betaW);
xw(i) = alphaW/(alphaW+betaW);
aW(i) = alphaW;
bW(i) = betaW;
end
%figure('Name', 'Equilibrium Function');
%plot(voltage, xw,'LineWidth', 2);
%legend('w');
%title('Equilibrium Function');
%xlabel('mV')
%ylabel('x(u)');
%xlabel('Time (ms)')
%%%%%%%% functions section - always after main code %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%calculate alpha w and beta w
function [alpha_w, beta_w] = w_equations(V)
V_3 = 2; % mV
V_4 = 30; % mV
phi = 0.04; %1/ms %Rate scaling parameter
alpha_w = 1/2*phi* cosh((V-V_3)/(2*V_4))*(1 + tanh((V-V_3)/V_4));
beta_w = 1/2*phi* cosh((V-V_3)/(2*V_4))*(1 - tanh((V-V_3)/V_4));
end
%%%%%%%% functions section - always after main code %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%function [minf] = m_inf(V)
%V_1 = -1.2; % mV
%V_2 = 18; % mV
%V_3 = 2; % mV
%V_4 = 30; % mV
%minf = 1/2*(1 + tanh((V-V_1)/V_2));
%end
  2 Comments
Haya Ali
Haya Ali on 27 Jun 2022
Can I adjust data from 0 to 140?

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Accepted Answer

KSSV
KSSV on 27 Jun 2022
Edited: KSSV on 27 Jun 2022
Don't use:
plot(t(45/dt:end),V(45/dt:end-1), 'LineWidth', 2)
instead use:
plot(t,V, 'LineWidth', 2)
Like this:
clear all; close all; clc;
Vrest = 0; % mV− change this to −65 ifdesired
dt = 0.01; % ms
totalTime = 150; % ms
C = 20; % uF/cm^2
V_Ca = 120; %mV %Reversal potential for Ca2+ current
V_K = -84; %mV %Reversal potential for K+ current
V_Leak = -60; %mV %Reversal potential for leak current
g_Ca = 4.4; % mS/cm^2 % Maximal conductance associated with Ca2+ current
g_K = 8; % mS/cm^2 % Maximal conductance associated with K+ current
g_Leak = 2; % mS/cm^2 % Conductance associated with leak current
V_1 = -1.2; % mV
V_2 = 18; % mV
% Vector oftimesteps
t = [0:dt:totalTime];
% samples = length(t);
% Current input −− change this to see how different inputs affect the neuron
I_current = ones(1,length(t))*0.0;
I_current(45/dt:end) = 90; % Input of 0 microA/cm2 beginning at 50 ms and steady until end of time period.
V = zeros(size(t)) ;
w = zeros(size(t)) ;
conductance_Ca = zeros(size(t)) ;
conductance_K = zeros(size(t));
I_Ca = zeros(size(t)) ;
I_K = zeros(size(t)) ;
I_Leak = zeros(size(t)) ;
% initializing values
V(1) = Vrest; % membrane potential is starting at its resting state
% separate functions to get the alpha and beta values
[alphaW, betaW] = w_equations(V(1));
% initializing gating variables to the asymptotic values when membrane potential
% is set to the membrane resting value based on equation 13
w(1) = (alphaW / (alphaW + betaW));
% repeat for time determined in totalTime , by each dt
for i = 1:length(t)-1
% calculate new alpha and beta based on last known membrane potenatial
[alphaW, betaW] = w_equations(V(i));
minf = 1/2*(1 + tanh((V-V_1)/V_2));
% conductance variables − computed separately to show how this
% changes with membrane potential in one ofthe graphs
conductance_Ca(i) = g_Ca*(minf(i));
conductance_K(i)=g_K*(w(i));
% retrieving ionic currents
I_Ca(i) = conductance_Ca(i)*(V(i)-V_Ca);
I_K(i) = conductance_K(i)*(V(i)-V_K);
I_Leak(i) = g_Leak*(V(i)-V_Leak);
% Calculating the input
Input = I_current(i) - (I_Ca(i) + I_K(i) + I_Leak(i));
% Calculating the new membrane potential
V(i+1) = V(i) + Input* dt*(1/C);
% getting new values for the gating variables
w(i+1) = w(i) + (alphaW *(1-w(i)) - betaW * w(i))*dt;
end
%%
%figure('Name', 'Membrane Potential vs input')
%subplot(2,1,1)
%plot(t,V, 'LineWidth', 2)
%xlabel('Time (ms)')
%ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
%title('Action Potential')
%subplot(2,1,2)
%plot(t,I_current, 'r', 'LineWidth', 2)
%xlabel('Time (ms)')
%ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
%title('Input')
figure('Name', 'Membrane Potential vs input')
plot(t,V, 'LineWidth', 2)
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
title('Action Potential')
figure('Name', 'Gating Parameters')
plot(t,w, 'g','LineWidth', 2)
hold on
plot(t,minf, 'm','LineWidth', 2)
legend('w','minf')
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('')
title('Gating Parameters')
figure('Name', 'Conductance')
plot(t,V, 'r', t, conductance_Ca, 'b', t, conductance_K, 'g', 'LineWidth', 2)
legend('Action Potential', 'Ca+ Conductance', 'K+ Conductance')
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Voltage (mV)')
title('Conduction of K+ and Ca+')
figure('Name', 'Currents')
plot(t,I_Ca, 'r',t,I_K, 'b', 'LineWidth', 2)
legend('ICa+', 'IK+')
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Current')
title ('Currents')
% Special graph to show ionic current movement
Vrest = 0;
voltage = [-100:0.01:100];
for i = 1:length(voltage)
[alphaW, betaW] = w_equations(voltage(i));
tauw(i) = 1/(alphaW+betaW);
xw(i) = alphaW/(alphaW+betaW);
aW(i) = alphaW;
bW(i) = betaW;
end
%figure('Name', 'Equilibrium Function');
%plot(voltage, xw,'LineWidth', 2);
%legend('w');
%title('Equilibrium Function');
%xlabel('mV')
%ylabel('x(u)');
%xlabel('Time (ms)')
%%%%%%%% functions section - always after main code %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%calculate alpha w and beta w
function [alpha_w, beta_w] = w_equations(V)
V_3 = 2; % mV
V_4 = 30; % mV
phi = 0.04; %1/ms %Rate scaling parameter
alpha_w = 1/2*phi* cosh((V-V_3)/(2*V_4))*(1 + tanh((V-V_3)/V_4));
beta_w = 1/2*phi* cosh((V-V_3)/(2*V_4))*(1 - tanh((V-V_3)/V_4));
end
%%%%%%%% functions section - always after main code %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%function [minf] = m_inf(V)
%V_1 = -1.2; % mV
%V_2 = 18; % mV
%V_3 = 2; % mV
%V_4 = 30; % mV
%minf = 1/2*(1 + tanh((V-V_1)/V_2));
%end
  1 Comment
Haya Ali
Haya Ali on 27 Jun 2022
Thanks a lot!

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