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version (715 KB) by Christopher Hummersone
Find local peaks or troughs in a vector


Updated 05 May 2018

GitHub view license on GitHub

NOTE: this function is now available from the IoSR Matlab Toolbox as iosr.dsp.localpeaks.
LOCALPEAKS Find local peaks and troughs in a vector


peaks = localpeaks(X)
peaks = localpeaks(X,MODE)


peaks = localpeaks(X) locates the local peaks in vector X.

peaks = localpeaks(X,MODE) locates local features specified by MODE. MODE can be set to 'peaks' (default), 'troughs' in order to identify local troughs or 'both' in order to identify both local peaks and troughs.

Cite As

Christopher Hummersone (2020). Localpeaks (, GitHub. Retrieved .

Comments and Ratings (10)




I don't like not having a blank line after the last line of code. Just kidding, awesome job on this function. Very simple, intuitive, and fast.

Thanks for your comment Christos, I hadn't noticed this behaviour (I had been using it with long signals). I have fixed the function to address your first remark, and the code will now correctly identify peaks and troughs in a vector like [0 5 -5 5 0] with the 'both' option. I have not addressed your second comment since, as you alluded to, this is a plateaux and not a true peak.

Very good and an excellent example of terse programming.

I have two remarks though:
1. when selecting the 'both' option some peaks or troughs may be lost. E.g consider the vector [0, 5 -5, 5, 0]. Clearly -5 is a trough but localpeaks will not pick it.
2. if we consider again the vector [ 0 5 5 5 0], localpeaks will pick the first and last 5 as a peak but not the second one. I'm not sure if this was intentional but the way I see it it should either pick all of them or none.

or rather,

y = zeros(size(x)); peaks = localpeaks(x);
y(peaks) = x(peaks);

I didn't really see the point, if you want the value you can just do for example:
y = x(localpeaks(x));


Brillant !
You could have added an extra output which gives the values of the local peaks or throughs.


Corrected title.

Corrected description.

Migrated to GitHub.

Updated to address Christos Saragiotis' comment

Updated description

Fixed a silly mistake, removed index output to bring the function more in line with MATLAB conventions (find(localpeaks(x)) would do the same), added an error trap

added the 'both' option, updated help, acknowledged other submission

MATLAB Release Compatibility
Created with R2007a
Compatible with any release
Platform Compatibility
Windows macOS Linux

Inspired: Peaks picking