dbarray - pack and unpack database arrays to matlab arrays

versión 1.1.0.0 (7.15 KB) por Sven
dbarray lets you directly send/fetch array[] type database fields into native MATLAB variables

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Actualizada 7 Mar 2014

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The dbarray package handles conversion between native MATLAB arrays of
data (or strings) and their equivalent database representation with simple syntax:
> inArray = 1:10; % Make a non-scalar MATLAB array (any dimension)
> Din = dbarray.pack(inArray,conn); % Pack it for the given database
> fastinsert(conn,'myTable',{'arrayField'},{Din}) % Insert it efficiently
> Dout = fetch(conn,'select arrayField from myTable') % Fetch efficiently
> outArray = dbarray.unpack(Dout{1}) % Unpack it back to a MATLAB array

Usually databases contain only scalar values in each field. In some
(rare) cases it is advantageous to allow arrays of data in a given field.
This is usually when that data exists as a collection and there is no
intention to use individual elements (for searching, sorting, etc).

For instance, given the task to store colour names and their associated
RGB values, it may be more convenient to store the RGB values in an array
rather than separate fields:

__ Colour __|______RGB______
_ Red _____| {255, 0, 0}
_ Pink _____| {255,192,203}
___ ... _____| ...

MATLAB holds this data naturally in 1-by-3 arrays, and some databases
(PostgreSQL, Oracle) have ARRAY type fields suitable for storing such
array directly. While it is possible to insert MATLAB data into such
databases using SQL strings:
"INSERT into Colours (Colour, RGB) VALUES ('Red',{255,0,0})"
, it is far more efficient to instead use MATLAB's fastinsert() and
update() functions.

fastinsert() and update() don't natively handle these array inserts, but
the dbarray package provide a convenient interface to meet this need.

Example 1 - PostgreSQL:
-- PostgreSQL table creation --
"CREATE TABLE Colours (Colour text, RGB numeric ARRAY[3])"
-- Insert packed array using MATLAB --
conn = database(... your PostgreSQL connection ...)
redDb = dbarray.pack([255, 0, 0], conn);
pinkDb = dbarray.pack([255, 192, 203], conn);
fastinsert(conn,'Colours',{'Colour','RGB'},{'Pink',pinkDb; 'Red',redDb})
-- Select and unpack using MATLAB --
D = fetch(conn,'SELECT RGB FROM Colours WHERE Colour = ''Pink''');
pink = dbarray.unpack(D{1})
= [ 255 192 203 ]

Note that in the above example the RGB data inserted was actually a
nested array (a 1-by-1 array containing a 3-by-1 array) rather than a
more straightforward 3-by-1 array. In order to insert an N-by-1 array,
you should make sure that your data being packed is an N-by-1 array
(rather than the 1-by-3 of our RGB example).

Example 2 - Oracle:
-- Oracle type and table creation --
CREATE TYPE RGB_SET AS VARRAY(3) OF NUMBER;
CREATE TABLE Colours (Colour VARCHAR2(64), RGB RGB_set);
-- Insert packed array using MATLAB --
conn = database(... your Oracle connection ...)
% Oracle RGB_SET object is 1-dim array even if 1-by-3 input is given:
redDb = dbarray.pack([255 0 0], conn, 'RGB_SET');
pinkDb = dbarray.pack([255 192 203], conn, 'RGB_SET');
fastinsert(conn,'Colours',{'Colour','RGB'},{'Pink',pinkDb; 'Red',redDb})
-- Select and unpack using MATLAB --
D = fetch(conn,'SELECT RGB FROM Colours WHERE Colour = ''Pink''');
pink = dbarray.unpack(D{1})
= [ 255; 192; 203 ] % 1-dim array types always return as N-by-1

The dbarray package was tested for PostgreSQL and Oracle (the two primary
databases supporting ARRAY[] type objects). Other databases (such as
MySQL) don't support native ARRAY[] data types and instead suggest you
serialise/unserialise strings to simulate arrays.

Citar como

Sven (2022). dbarray - pack and unpack database arrays to matlab arrays (https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/45579-dbarray-pack-and-unpack-database-arrays-to-matlab-arrays), MATLAB Central File Exchange. Recuperado .

Compatibilidad con la versión de MATLAB
Se creó con R2013b
Compatible con cualquier versión
Compatibilidad con las plataformas
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