System Objects in MATLAB Code Generation
You can generate C/C++ code in MATLAB® from your system that contains System objects by using MATLAB Coder™. You can generate efficient and compact code for deployment in desktop and embedded systems and accelerate fixed-point algorithms.
Usage Rules and Limitations for System Objects for Generating Code
The following usage rules and limitations apply to using System objects in code generated from MATLAB.
Object Construction and Initialization
If objects are stored in persistent variables, initialize System objects once by embedding the object handles in an
ifstatement with a call to
Set arguments to System object™ constructors as compile-time constants.
Initialize all System objects properties that
releaseImpluses before the end of
You cannot initialize System objects properties with other MATLAB class objects as default values in code generation. You must initialize these properties in the constructor.
Inputs and Outputs
System objects accept a maximum of 1024 inputs. A maximum of eight dimensions per input is supported.
The data type of the inputs should not change.
The complexity of the inputs should not change.
If you want the size of inputs to change, verify that support for variable-size is enabled. Code generation support for variable-size data also requires that variable-size support is enabled. By default in MATLAB, support for variable-size data is enabled.
System objects predefined in the software do not support variable-size if their data exceeds the
Do not set System objects to become outputs from the MATLAB Function (Simulink) block.
Do not use the Save and Restore Simulation State as SimState option for any System object in a MATLAB Function (Simulink) block.
Do not pass a System object as an example input argument to a function being compiled with
Do not pass a System object to functions declared as extrinsic (functions called in interpreted mode) using the
coder.extrinsicfunction. System objects returned from extrinsic functions and scope System objects that automatically become extrinsic can be used as inputs to another extrinsic function. But, these functions do not generate code.
In MATLAB System blocks, you cannot use variable-size for discrete state properties of System objects. Private properties can be variable-size.
Objects cannot be used as default values for properties.
You can only assign values to nontunable properties once, including the assignment in the constructor.
Nontunable property values must be constant.
For fixed-point inputs, if a tunable property has dependent data type properties, you can set tunable properties only at construction time or after the object is locked.
getNumOutputsImplmethods, if you set the return argument from an object property, that object property must have the
Global variables are allowed in a System object, unless you are using that System object in Simulink® via the MATLAB System block. See Generate Code for Global Data.
Code generation support is available only for these System object methods:
For System objects that you define, code generation support is available only for these methods:
releaseImpl— Code is not generated automatically for this method. To release an object, you must explicitly call the
releasemethod in your code.
System Objects in codegen
You can include System objects in MATLAB code in the same way you include any other elements. You can then compile
a MEX file from your MATLAB code by using the
codegen command, which is available if you have a MATLAB
Coder license. This compilation process, which involves a number of
optimizations, is useful for accelerating simulations. See Get Started with MATLAB Coder and
MATLAB Classes for more
Most, but not all, System objects support code generation. Refer to the particular object’s reference page for information.
System Objects in the MATLAB Function Block
Using the MATLAB Function (Simulink) block, you can include any System object and any MATLAB language function in a Simulink model. This model can then generate embeddable code. System objects provide higher-level algorithms for code generation than do most associated blocks. For more information, see Implementing MATLAB Functions Using Blocks (Simulink).
System Objects in the MATLAB System Block
Using the MATLAB System (Simulink) block, you can include in a Simulink model individual System objects that you create with a class definition file. The model can then generate embeddable code. For more information, see MATLAB System Block (Simulink).
System Objects and MATLAB Compiler Software
MATLAB Compiler™ software supports System objects for use inside MATLAB functions. The compiler product does not support System objects for use in MATLAB scripts.