# sfi

(Not recommended) Construct signed fixed-point numeric object

`sfi` is not recommended. Use `fi` instead.

## Syntax

``a = sfi``
``a = sfi(v)``
``a = sfi(v,w)``
``a = sfi(v,w,f)``
``a = sfi(v,w,slope,bias)``
``a = sfi(v,w,slopeadjustmentfactor,fixedexponent,bias)``

## Description

example

````a = sfi` is the default constructor and returns a signed `fi` object with no value, 16-bit word length, and 15-bit fraction length.The `fi` object created by the `sfi` constructor function has data properties, `fimath` properties, and `numerictype` properties. These properties are described in detail in fi Object Data Properties, fimath Object Properties and numerictype Object Properties.The `fi` object created by the `sfi` constructor function has no local `fimath` object. You can attach a `fimath` object to that `fi` object if you do not want to use the default fimath settings. For more information, see fimath Object Construction.```

example

````a = sfi(v)` returns a signed fixed-point object with value `v`, 16-bit word length, and best-precision fraction length. Best-precision is when the fraction length is set automatically to accommodate the value `v` for the given word length.```

example

````a = sfi(v,w)` returns a signed fixed-point object with value `v`, word length `w`, and best-precision fraction length.```

example

````a = sfi(v,w,f)` returns a signed fixed-point object with value `v`, word length `w`, and fraction length `f`.```
````a = sfi(v,w,slope,bias)` returns a signed fixed-point object with value `v`, word length `w`, `slope`, and `bias`.```
````a = sfi(v,w,slopeadjustmentfactor,fixedexponent,bias)` returns a signed fixed-point object with value `v`, word length `w`, `slopeadjustmentfactor`, `fixedexponent`, and `bias`.```

## Examples

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The default constructor returns a signed `fi` object with no value, 16-bit word length, and 15-bit fraction length.

`a = sfi`
```a = [] DataTypeMode: Fixed-point: binary point scaling Signedness: Signed WordLength: 16 FractionLength: 15```

Create a signed `fi` object with the default word length of 16 bits and best-precision fraction length.

`a = sfi(pi)`
```a = 3.1416 DataTypeMode: Fixed-point: binary point scaling Signedness: Signed WordLength: 16 FractionLength: 13```

If you omit the argument `f`, the fraction length is set automatically to the best precision possible.

`a = sfi(pi,8)`
```a = 3.1563 DataTypeMode: Fixed-point: binary point scaling Signedness: Signed WordLength: 8 FractionLength: 5```

Create a signed `fi` object with a value of `pi`, a word length of 8 bits, and a fraction length of 3 bits.

`a = sfi(pi,8,3)`
```a = 3.1250 DataTypeMode: Fixed-point: binary point scaling Signedness: Signed WordLength: 8 FractionLength: 3```

Default `fimath` properties are associated with `a`. When a `fi` object does not have a local `fimath` object, no `fimath` object properties are displayed in its output. To determine whether a `fi` object has a local `fimath` object, use the `isfimathlocal` function.

`isfimathlocal(a)`
```ans = 0```

A returned value of `0` means the `fi` object does not have a local `fimath` object. When the `isfimathlocal` function returns a `1`, the `fi` object has a local `fimath` object.

The value `v` can also be an array.

`a = sfi((magic(3)/10),16,12)`
```a = 0.8000 0.1001 0.6001 0.3000 0.5000 0.7000 0.3999 0.8999 0.2000 DataTypeMode: Fixed-point: binary point scaling Signedness: Signed WordLength: 16 FractionLength: 12```

## Input Arguments

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Value of the signed `fi` object, specified as a scalar, vector, matrix, or multidimensional array.

Data Types: `single` | `double` | `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64` | `fi`

Word length, in bits, of the signed `fi` object, specified as a scalar integer.

Data Types: `single` | `double` | `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64`

Fraction length, in bits, of the signed `fi` object, specified as a scalar integer. If you do not specify a fraction length, the signed `fi` object automatically uses the fraction length that gives the best precision while avoiding overflow for the specified value and word length.

Data Types: `single` | `double` | `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64`

Slope of the scaling, specified as a scalar integer. The following equation represents the real-world value of a slope bias scaled number.

`$real-worldvalue=\left(slope×integer\right)+bias$`

Data Types: `single` | `double` | `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64`

Bias of the scaling, specified as a scalar. The following equation represents the real-world value of a slope bias scaled number.

`$real-worldvalue=\left(slope×integer\right)+bias$`

Data Types: `single` | `double` | `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64`

The slope adjustment factor of a slope bias scaled number. The following equation demonstrates the relationship between the slope, fixed exponent, and slope adjustment factor.

`$slope=slopeadjustmentfactor×{2}^{fixedexponent}$`

Data Types: `single` | `double` | `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64`

The fixed exponent of a slope bias scaled number. The following equation demonstrates the relationship between the slope, fixed exponent, and slope adjustment factor.

`$slope=slopeadjustmentfactor×{2}^{fixedexponent}$`

Data Types: `single` | `double` | `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64`

## Version History

Introduced in R2009b