# pimf

Pi-shaped membership function

## Description

This function computes fuzzy membership values using a spline-based pi-shaped membership function. You can also compute this membership function using a fismf object. For more information, see fismf Object.

This membership function is related to the smf and zmf membership functions.

example

y = pimf(x,params) returns fuzzy membership values computed using a spline-based pi-shaped membership function. This membership function is the product of an smf function and a zmf function, and is given by:

$f\left(x;a,b,c,d\right)=\left\{\begin{array}{ll}0,\hfill & x\le a\hfill \\ 2{\left(\frac{x-a}{b-a}\right)}^{2},\hfill & a\le x\le \frac{a+b}{2}\hfill \\ \text{1}-\text{2}{\left(\frac{x-b}{b-a}\right)}^{\text{2}},\hfill & \frac{a+b}{2}\le x\le b\hfill \\ 1,\hfill & b\le x\le c\hfill \\ 1-2{\left(\frac{x-c}{d-c}\right)}^{\text{2}},\hfill & c\le x\le \frac{c+d}{2}\hfill \\ \text{2}{\left(\frac{x-d}{d-c}\right)}^{\text{2}},\hfill & \frac{c+d}{2}\le x\le d\hfill \\ 0,\hfill & x\ge d\hfill \end{array}\right\}$

To define the membership function parameters, specify params as the vector [a b c c].

Membership values are computed for each input value in x.

## Examples

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Specify input values across the universe of discourse.

x = 0:0.1:10;

Evaluate membership function for the input values.

y = pimf(x,[1 4 5 10]);

Plot the membership function.

plot(x,y)
title('pimf, P = [1 4 5 10]')
xlabel('x')
ylabel('Degree of Membership')
ylim([-0.05 1.05])

## Input Arguments

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Input values for which to compute membership values, specified as a scalar or vector.

Membership function parameters, specified as the vector [a b c d]. Parameters a and d define the feet of the membership function, and b and c define its shoulders.

## Output Arguments

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Membership value returned as a scalar or a vector. The dimensions of y match the dimensions of x. Each element of y is the membership value computed for the corresponding element of x.

## Alternative Functionality

### fismf Object

You can create and evaluate a fismf object that implements the pimf membership function.

mf = fismf("pimf",P);
Y = evalmf(mf,X);

Here, X, P, and Y correspond to the x, params, and y arguments of pimf, respectively.

## Version History

Introduced before R2006a

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