Specify Contrast Adjustment Limits

You can optionally specify the range of the input values and the output values using imadjust. You specify these ranges in two vectors that you pass to imadjust as arguments. The first vector specifies the low- and high-intensity values that you want to map. The second vector specifies the scale over which you want to map them.

Note

You must specify the intensities as values between 0 and 1 regardless of the class of I. If I is uint8, the values you supply are multiplied by 255 to determine the actual values to use; if I is uint16, the values are multiplied by 65535. To learn about an alternative way to set these limits automatically, see Set Image Intensity Adjustment Limits Automatically.

Specify Contast Adjustment Limits as Range

This example shows how to specify contast adjustment limits as a range using the imadjust function. This example decreases the contrast of an image by narrowing the range of the data.

Read an image into the workspace.

I = imread('cameraman.tif');

Adjust the contrast of the image, specifying the range of values used in the output image. In the example below, the man's coat is too dark to reveal any detail. imadjust maps the range [0,51] in the uint8 input image to [128,255] in the output image. This brightens the image considerably, and also widens the dynamic range of the dark portions of the original image, making it much easier to see the details in the coat. Note, however, that because all values above 51 in the original image are mapped to 255 (white) in the adjusted image, the adjusted image appears washed out.

J = imadjust(I,[0 0.2],[0.5 1]);

Display the original image and the contrast-adjusted image.

imshowpair(I,J,'montage')

Set Image Intensity Adjustment Limits Automatically

For a more convenient way to specify limits, use the stretchlim function. (The imadjust function uses stretchlim for its simplest syntax, imadjust(I).)

This function calculates the histogram of the image and determines the adjustment limits automatically. The stretchlim function returns these values as fractions in a vector that you can pass as the [low_in high_in] argument to imadjust; for example:

I = imread('rice.png');
J = imadjust(I,stretchlim(I),[0 1]);

By default, stretchlim uses the intensity values that represent the bottom 1% (0.01) and the top 1% (0.99) of the range as the adjustment limits. By trimming the extremes at both ends of the intensity range, stretchlim makes more room in the adjusted dynamic range for the remaining intensities. But you can specify other range limits as an argument to stretchlim. See the stretchlim reference page for more information.