fclose

Close one or all open files

Syntax

fclose(fileID)
fclose('all')
status = fclose(___)

Description

example

fclose(fileID) closes an open file.

fclose('all') closes all open files.

status = fclose(___) returns a status of 0 when the close operation is successful. Otherwise, it returns -1. You can use this syntax with any of the input arguments of the previous syntaxes.

Examples

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Open the badpoem.txt file, read the first line, and then close the file.

Use fopen to open the file. This function assigns a unique file id to use for reading and writing to the file.

fid = fopen('badpoem.txt')
fid = 3

Read the first line from the file using fgetl.

fgetl(fid)
ans = 
'Oranges and lemons,'

Close the file.

fclose(fid);

Input Arguments

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File identifier of an open file, specified as an integer. Before closing a file with fclose, you must use fopen to open the file and obtain its fileID.

Data Types: double

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using MATLAB® Coder™.

Introduced before R2006a