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Package: classreg.learning.partition

Cross-validated regression model


RegressionPartitionedModel is a set of regression models trained on cross-validated folds. Estimate the quality of regression by cross validation using one or more “kfold” methods: kfoldPredict, kfoldLoss, and kfoldfun. Every “kfold” method uses models trained on in-fold observations to predict response for out-of-fold observations. For example, suppose you cross validate using five folds. In this case, every training fold contains roughly 4/5 of the data and every test fold contains roughly 1/5 of the data. The first model stored in Trained{1} was trained on X and Y with the first 1/5 excluded, the second model stored in Trained{2} was trained on X and Y with the second 1/5 excluded, and so on. When you call kfoldPredict, it computes predictions for the first 1/5 of the data using the first model, for the second 1/5 of data using the second model and so on. In short, response for every observation is computed by kfoldPredict using the model trained without this observation.


cvmodel = crossval(tree) creates a cross-validated classification model from a regression tree. For syntax details, see the crossval method reference page.

cvmodel = fitrtree(X,Y,Name,Value) creates a cross-validated model when name is one of 'CrossVal', 'KFold', 'Holdout', 'Leaveout', or 'CVPartition'. For syntax details, see the fitrtree function reference page.

Input Arguments


A regression tree constructed with fitrtree.



Bin edges for numeric predictors, specified as a cell array of p numeric vectors, where p is the number of predictors. Each vector includes the bin edges for a numeric predictor. The element in the cell array for a categorical predictor is empty because the software does not bin categorical predictors.

The software bins numeric predictors only if you specify the 'NumBins' name-value pair argument as a positive integer scalar when training a model with tree learners. The BinEdges property is empty if the 'NumBins' value is empty (default).

You can reproduce the binned predictor data Xbinned by using the BinEdges property of the trained model mdl.

X = mdl.X; % Predictor data
Xbinned = zeros(size(X));
edges = mdl.BinEdges;
% Find indices of binned predictors.
idxNumeric = find(~cellfun(@isempty,edges));
if iscolumn(idxNumeric)
    idxNumeric = idxNumeric';
for j = idxNumeric 
    x = X(:,j);
    % Convert x to array if x is a table.
    if istable(x) 
        x = table2array(x);
    % Group x into bins by using the discretize function.
    xbinned = discretize(x,[-inf; edges{j}; inf]); 
    Xbinned(:,j) = xbinned;
Xbinned contains the bin indices, ranging from 1 to the number of bins, for numeric predictors. Xbinned values are 0 for categorical predictors. If X contains NaNs, then the corresponding Xbinned values are NaNs.


Categorical predictor indices, specified as a vector of positive integers. CategoricalPredictors contains index values corresponding to the columns of the predictor data that contain categorical predictors. If none of the predictors are categorical, then this property is empty ([]).


Name of the cross-validated model, a character vector.


Number of folds used in a cross-validated tree, a positive integer.


Object holding parameters of tree.


The partition of class cvpartition used in the cross-validated model.


A cell array of names for the predictor variables, in the order in which they appear in X.


Name of the response variable Y, a character vector.


Function handle for transforming the raw response values (mean squared error). The function handle should accept a matrix of response values and return a matrix of the same size. The default character vector 'none' means @(x)x, or no transformation.

Add or change a ResponseTransform function using dot notation:

ctree.ResponseTransform = @function


The trained learners, a cell array of compact regression models.


The scaled weights, a vector with length n, the number of rows in X.


A matrix or table of predictor values. Each column of X represents one variable, and each row represents one observation.


A numeric column vector with the same number of rows as X. Each entry in Y is the response to the data in the corresponding row of X.


kfoldLossCross-validation loss of partitioned regression model
kfoldPredictPredict response for observations not used for training
kfoldfunCross validate function

Copy Semantics

Value. To learn how value classes affect copy operations, see Copying Objects.


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Load the sample data. Create a variable X containing the Horsepower and Weight data.

load carsmall
X = [Horsepower Weight];

Construct a regression tree using the sample data.

cvtree = fitrtree(X,MPG,'crossval','on');

Evaluate the cross-validation error of the carsmall data using Horsepower and Weight as predictor variables for mileage (MPG).

L = kfoldLoss(cvtree)
L = 25.5338