MATLAB Answers

Detect main part of signal

2 views (last 30 days)
Julio Martín
Julio Martín on 26 Oct 2021
Commented: Mathieu NOE on 28 Oct 2021 at 10:16
Hi, I would like to receive some help about one question:
Need to know how to detect the real signal in an EMG file (as image 1).
Till now, I know how to find the absolute center with this code:
[F, C]=size(D.data);
center=(F-mod(F,2))/2;
x=x(center-1500:center+1500,:);
and then I search results on both sides of that middle point, but as you can see, it doesn't return symetric values (image 2).
How can I add something to that code to detect the interesting area?
Thanks, regards

Accepted Answer

Mathieu NOE
Mathieu NOE on 26 Oct 2021
hello
If I were you I would do an envelop of your signal and use then the code below to detect the start and stop of the useful signal
start point is a positive slope crossing point of the envelop
stop point is a negative slope crossing point of the envelop
clc
clearvars
n=1000;
x=(1:n)/n;
y = abs(sin(7*x))-0.5;
threshold = 0; % your value here
[t0_pos,s0_pos,t0_neg,s0_neg]= crossing_V7(y,x,threshold,'linear'); % positive (pos) and negative (neg) slope crossing points
% ind => time index (samples)
% t0 => corresponding time (x) values
% s0 => corresponding function (y) values , obviously they must be equal to "threshold"
figure(1)
plot(x,y,t0_pos,s0_pos,'+r',t0_neg,s0_neg,'+g','linewidth',2,'markersize',12);grid on
legend('signal envelope','positive slope crossing points','negative slope crossing points');
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
function [t0_pos,s0_pos,t0_neg,s0_neg] = crossing_V7(S,t,level,imeth)
% [ind,t0,s0,t0close,s0close] = crossing_V6(S,t,level,imeth,slope_sign) % older format
% CROSSING find the crossings of a given level of a signal
% ind = CROSSING(S) returns an index vector ind, the signal
% S crosses zero at ind or at between ind and ind+1
% [ind,t0] = CROSSING(S,t) additionally returns a time
% vector t0 of the zero crossings of the signal S. The crossing
% times are linearly interpolated between the given times t
% [ind,t0] = CROSSING(S,t,level) returns the crossings of the
% given level instead of the zero crossings
% ind = CROSSING(S,[],level) as above but without time interpolation
% [ind,t0] = CROSSING(S,t,level,par) allows additional parameters
% par = {'none'|'linear'}.
% With interpolation turned off (par = 'none') this function always
% returns the value left of the zero (the data point thats nearest
% to the zero AND smaller than the zero crossing).
%
% check the number of input arguments
error(nargchk(1,4,nargin));
% check the time vector input for consistency
if nargin < 2 | isempty(t)
% if no time vector is given, use the index vector as time
t = 1:length(S);
elseif length(t) ~= length(S)
% if S and t are not of the same length, throw an error
error('t and S must be of identical length!');
end
% check the level input
if nargin < 3
% set standard value 0, if level is not given
level = 0;
end
% check interpolation method input
if nargin < 4
imeth = 'linear';
end
% make row vectors
t = t(:)';
S = S(:)';
% always search for zeros. So if we want the crossing of
% any other threshold value "level", we subtract it from
% the values and search for zeros.
S = S - level;
% first look for exact zeros
ind0 = find( S == 0 );
% then look for zero crossings between data points
S1 = S(1:end-1) .* S(2:end);
ind1 = find( S1 < 0 );
% bring exact zeros and "in-between" zeros together
ind = sort([ind0 ind1]);
% and pick the associated time values
t0 = t(ind);
s0 = S(ind);
if ~isempty(ind)
if strcmp(imeth,'linear')
% linear interpolation of crossing
for ii=1:length(t0)
%if abs(S(ind(ii))) >= eps(S(ind(ii))) % MATLAB V7 et +
if abs(S(ind(ii))) >= eps*abs(S(ind(ii))) % MATLAB V6 et - EPS * ABS(X)
% interpolate only when data point is not already zero
NUM = (t(ind(ii)+1) - t(ind(ii)));
DEN = (S(ind(ii)+1) - S(ind(ii)));
slope = NUM / DEN;
slope_sign(ii) = sign(slope);
t0(ii) = t0(ii) - S(ind(ii)) * slope;
s0(ii) = level;
end
end
end
% extract the positive slope crossing points
ind_pos = find(sign(slope_sign)>0);
t0_pos = t0(ind_pos);
s0_pos = s0(ind_pos);
% extract the negative slope crossing points
ind_neg = find(sign(slope_sign)<0);
t0_neg = t0(ind_neg);
s0_neg = s0(ind_neg);
else
% empty output
ind_pos = [];
t0_pos = [];
s0_pos = [];
% extract the negative slope crossing points
ind_neg = [];
t0_neg = [];
s0_neg = [];
end
end

More Answers (1)

Julio Martín
Julio Martín on 26 Oct 2021
Thank you so much, I'll try
  11 Comments
Mathieu NOE
Mathieu NOE on 28 Oct 2021 at 10:16
Good !
My pleasure !

Sign in to comment.

Products


Release

R2019b

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!

Translated by