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Interpolating data to get values at specific depth

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Dear experts, please help. I was searching and trying for anentire day and I couldn't figure it out by my own.
I have X, Y, Z, data.
X is longitude, Y is latitude, Z is depth, and data is temperature for example.
X and Y are 2D matrices (224x164). Z and data are 3D matrices (224x164x37).
The depth is unevenly spaced, for exemple, 1.0, 2.3, 5.6, 8.3 and so on, but I need the values of temperature exactly at 5m for example.
What I need is to get the data values at a specif depth all over the domain to plot a colored 2D map.
Please, could someone help me on how is such interpolation?
P.S. I know how to plot, I did it by plotting the surface Z(:,:,1), but as I mentioned, I need other depth layer.
Thank you so much in advance!

Respuesta aceptada

Torsten el 23 de Feb. de 2024
Editada: Torsten el 23 de Feb. de 2024
Make X and Y also 224x164x37 (just by repeating the planar profile 37 times) and use interp3 to interpolate to the depth of your choice.
Then make your contourf or surf plot.
  5 comentarios
Torsten el 23 de Feb. de 2024
Editada: Torsten el 23 de Feb. de 2024
I guess your data will be well-behaved.
This code only takes the temperature data at the point (X(i,j),Y(i,j)) over the 37 heights and makes a 1d-interpolation to the required height (0.5 m) for all these points. I don't know if the results get better if you include temperatures in neighbouring points, but the interpolation will become more complicated. You will most probably have to use "ScatteredInterpolant".
X = rand(224,164); % random X-coordinates
Y = rand(224,164); % random Y-coordinates
Z = 10*rand(224,164,37); % random heights at points (X,Y)
data = 20 + rand(224,164,37)*20; % random temperatures at points (X,Y,Z)
h = 5; % interpolation level
for i = 1:224
for j = 1:164
[z,idx] = sort(squeeze(Z(i,j,:)));
d = squeeze(data(i,j,idx));
temp_5(i,j) = interp1(z,d,h);
Luís Henrique Bordin
Luís Henrique Bordin el 23 de Feb. de 2024
Now it worked perfectly. Thank you very much, Torsten! Best!

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William Rose
William Rose el 23 de Feb. de 2024
x=(0:10); y=(0:11)'; z=[1.0, 2.3, 5.6, 8.3]; % vectors x,y,z
%Make data() with desired dimensions, same at each depth
% Make data different at different depths
for k=1:length(z), data(:,:,k)=data(:,:,k)+z(k)^2/10; end
% check that the array sizes are as desired
fprintf('Size X, Y, Z= %dx%d, %dx%d, %dx%dx%d.\n',size(X),size(Y),size(data))
Size X, Y, Z= 12x11, 12x11, 12x11x4.
% Plot data(x,y,z=5.6), as a test
grid on; xlabel('X'); ylabel('Y'), zlabel('Data'); title('Data(:,:,z=5.6)')
data5=zeros(size(X)); % allocate array for data interpolated to z=5
for i=1:length(y), for j=1:length(x)
end, end
% Plot data(x,y,z=5)
grid on; xlabel('X'); ylabel('Y'), zlabel('Data');
title('Data, Interpolated to z=5')


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