How to stop further execution of M-script by using command?

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I'm trying to use 'questdlg' to shows question dialog with several buttons. My aim is that when I click 'stop' button in the dialog generated by using 'questdlg', no further execution of code.'switch' is used to define each action of buttons right after 'questdlg'.
I'm using break and return and they're all just to get out of the 'switch'. How can I abort all code running by using command?

Answers (3)

Salam Ismaeel
Salam Ismaeel on 21 Nov 2019
Edited: Salam Ismaeel on 21 Nov 2019
Just use:
anywhere in your code.
  1 Comment
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 22 Nov 2019
return only returns from the current function. If you are servicing a callback for a pushbutton, you are just going to return from the callback, without having affected anything in the loop of code that is executing.
The context of the question is that the user has a calculation loop and wishes to be able to click a button and have the calculation loop interrupted. When graphics interruptions are serviced it is in a callback function. The question then becomes:
  1. is there a way for the callback function to force the calculation function to abort?
  2. if not, is there a way for the callback function to cooperate with the calculation function to have the calculation function abort?
The answer for the first of those is "NO": the only two ways to force something to stop without its cooperation are to
  1. quit or exit MATLAB; or
  2. use java robot or similar to emit control-C into the command line to force the program to stop running
Even clear all cannot force a function to stop running.
The answer to the second of those possibilities is "Yes, it can be done" -- and the methods for doing that are what I discussed in my Answer.

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Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 27 Jan 2016
exit() and quit() are identical and will terminate your MATLAB session.
error() will return to the closest "try" upwards in the calling stream. If you are inside a callback, the calling stream probably is not very deep.
If you are in nested loops and want to exit out of several of them, then you should define a "quitthis" variable that is tested right after the end of each loop, issuing a "break" if detected, and in this way having the quitting cascade out of all of the loops.
If you have a loop that is executing and you want to be able to interrupt it with a GUI action, then you need to have the GUI set a variable in a location that the loop polls the value of periodically to determine whether it is being told to quit. The termination must be cooperative: there is no way for a GUI element to force a loop to quit. For example,
handles.stopbutton = uicontrol('style', 'toggle', 'String', 'STOP', 'Value', 0, 'Position', ....)
for K = 1 : 200000
drawnow(); %give time for callback
quitthis = get(handles.stopbutton, 'Value');
if quitthis;
Notice I used a toggle, not a pushbutton. pushbuttons have their value reset to 0 right after their callback is taken.
  1 Comment
Tim Lueth
Tim Lueth on 15 Sep 2020
As already mentioned by Walter Roberson there no know solution yet. In fact, I wrote a function "dbexit", which finally works with
error ('Terminated correctly')
At least a practical solution during debugging.
I think Mathworks should provide this possibility to terminate a program cleanly or add an option in the error function, which prints only one line without the word "error" - and without the whole function hierarchy.

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Daniel Oberbauer
Daniel Oberbauer on 26 Jan 2022
Maybe assert?
It stops execution and prints an error message to the Command Window if the enclose statement evaluates false.


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