4 way directional control valve port dimensions
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Hello, I am modelling a double acting hydraulic cylinder which is located on the seabed. I am using a 4 way directional control valve to facilitate the function. I have also inverted a Hydraulic Constant Pressure Source to simulate hydrostatic pressure at water depth. This is connected to the "T" port on the directional control valve as the function vents to sea. Does the value I set as the Valve Passage Maximum Area in the parameterisation of the directional valve also apply to the dimensions of the ports themselves? So, for example, if I set the maximum passage area to 5e-4 m^2 does this also mean the hydrostatic pressure acts on an area of 5e-4 m^2 (which would be the "T" port area) ?
Yifeng Tang on 29 Jun 2022
The hydrostatic pressure does acts on such an area AND it only acts on the fluids. No pipe wall or any solid part is experiencing any force -- I am guessing this is where the question comes from since p*A is force and that seems to only be relavant when you have some solid part to act on. The main effect of a different passage area is the amount of pressure drop over this component for a certain flow rate, or dP vs Q relationship.