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How to replace RGB values

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RG
RG on 3 May 2016
Commented: Image Analyst on 4 May 2016
Hi Everyone,
I was wondering if it is possible to replace the RGB values of an image with values of certain range?
I have this image below and would like to change scale from 1600 to 3800.
Many thanks in advance.

Accepted Answer

Guillaume
Guillaume on 4 May 2016
To go from the colour image to a grayscale image, assuming you have the original colour bar, use rgb2ind:
grayimg = rgb2ind(colourimg, map, 'nodither'); %where map is an nx3 matrix
This should give you a gray image with intensities from 0 to the number of colours in your map - 1.
You can then rescale that to whatever range you want with multiplication and addition.
To display the image with whatever colour map you want, use imshow to show the image, colormap to use a different colour map, colorbar to actually show the colour map, and caxis to change the mapping between intensity and colour map.
  1 Comment
RG
RG on 4 May 2016
It worked, thanks for your efforts to help me sort this out.

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More Answers (2)

Alessandro Masullo
Alessandro Masullo on 3 May 2016
If I understood it correctly, you may simply use a linear scale. Once you read you image, you have a 3d matrix (row,col,3). The third dimension is the RGB. (:,:,1) is R, is (:,:,2) is G and the last one is B.
If you want to replace colours, you simply need to scale those matrices using some constants. If your image is 8 bits, the matrix will range from 0 to 255 (2^8-1). Convert it to double first, so that you won't lose information during the scale due to the rounding, and then scale the colours according to what you need:
RGB_Values = double(imread('RGB.jpg'));
RGB_Values(:,:,3) = RGB_Values(:,:,3)/2+40; % example of scaling
  1 Comment
RG
RG on 3 May 2016
Hi Alessandro,
Thanks for taking the time to help with this. Given the scaling interval is from 1600 to 3800, while scaling is it possible to know which element of RGB_Values(:, :, 3) corresponds to 1600?

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Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 3 May 2016
Try this:
binaryImage = RGB_Values(:, :, 3) == 1600;
imshow(binaryImage);
  7 Comments
Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 4 May 2016
Guillaume is right. You'd be much better off doing everything you possibly can do get the original monochrome image at the start, not a color image that you then have to reconstruct a monochrome image from the colorbar.

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