how to calculate a derivative

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Nasir Qazi on 26 Feb 2012
Commented: Walter Roberson on 22 Dec 2020
can some one guide me how to calculate a derivative and integration in matlab . can you please give a little example.
Jan on 26 Feb 2012
Symbolically or numerically?

bym on 26 Feb 2012
Symbolically
syms x real
f = 1/x
int(f,1,2) % integration
ans =
log(2)
diff(f) %differentiation
ans =
-1/x^2
[edit - amplification]
syms x a b real positive
f = 1/x
f =
1/x
int(f) % without limits
ans =
log(x)
int(f,a,b) % with limits
ans =
log(b) - log(a)
fn = matlabFunction(f) % convert symbolic to anonymous function
fn =
@(x)1./x
ans =
0.6931
log(2) % previous result from symbolic integration
ans =
0.6931
(fn(2+1e-6)-fn(2))/1e-6 %numerical derivative at fn(2)
ans =
-0.2500
subs(diff(f),2) %substitute 2 into symbolic result previously obtained
ans =
-0.2500
Jan on 27 Feb 2012
Yes, Nasir, then the integral is calculated from 1 to 2. "Symbolically" mean calculations with symbols, usually characters. The result is a formula. "Numerically" means, that you calculate a numerical value, a number.

Magdalena Glinska on 16 Nov 2020
f = @(x) sin(x);
second_derivative_f = matlabFunction(diff(sym(f)));

Hamza saeed khan on 24 Nov 2020
syms x
f = x;
diff(f,x)
why this code give me error as;
>>Error in diff (line 1)
syms x
Walter Roberson on 22 Dec 2020
You probably do not have the symbolic toolbox installed or licensed.
Also, you accidentally named your script diff.m which is going to conflict with calling diff() to differentiate.