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Using WindowButtonDownFcn in App Designer

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I'm trying to access data from a line in a UIAxes in my app I'm building in App Designer, but I'm unable to set a ButtonDownFcn for a UIAxes.
How can I access the x-coordinate of a point in a line so that I can generate a new plot whose x-limits are within a specified range of that x-value?

Accepted Answer

MathWorks Support Team
MathWorks Support Team on 24 Apr 2019

While ButtonDownFcns are not supported for UIAxes, UIFigures do support WindowButtonDownFcns. Additionally, selecting UIAxes that are children of said UIFigure, as well as selecting children of that UIAxes will trigger the WindowButtonDownFcn for the UIFigure.

If you would like the WindowButtonDownFcn to only be triggered when a point in your line is selected, you can use a combination of an if statement and tags to only trigger the callback when the line is selected.

First when plotting your original line, you should add a tag that can be referenced later:

plot(app.UIAxes, app.Var1, 'Tag', 'allData');

Next, create a WindowButtonDownFcn for your UIFigure by right clicking on your UIFigure in the Component Browser, selecting "Callbacks" from the context menu, then selecting "WindowButtonDownFcn". Once this callback is created, you can use something similar to below to check if there is a CurrentObject selected (i.e. a line was selected and not a blank space in the either the UIFigure or UIAxes), and if the tag of that CurrentObject matches the tag of your line. Beginning in MATLAB R2019a, you can then use the CurrentPoint property of UIAxes to determine where within the UIAxes was selected. All together this would look like as follows:

function UIFigureWindowButtonDown(app, event)
    %Create if statement that determines if the user clicked on the
    %line of the top UIAxes. If they didn't, do nothing
    if ~isempty(event.Source.CurrentObject) && isequal(event.Source.CurrentObject.Tag,'allData')
          %Store the CurrentPiont of the UIAxes as app.a
          app.a = app.UIAxes.CurrentPoint(1);
          alpha = 200;
          %Set the XLim of the bottom UIAxes to be +/- alpha of the
          %current point
          app.UIAxes2.XLim = [(app.a-alpha) (app.a+alpha)];
          %Plot the data on the bottom UIAxes
          plot(app.UIAxes2,app.Var1)
      end
  end

NOTE: The CurrentPoint property of UIAxes was introduced in R2019a

  3 Comments

Muhammed Talu
Muhammed Talu on 25 Dec 2019
Thanks the answer. I tried that. But it is not running on 3d plot on UIAxes.
I want to place a marker at the position of a point I selected in the axes with the following code. Marker is added to the selected point. However, when I rotate the object, the position of the added marker appears to be incorrect.
p = app.UIAxes.CurrentPoint(1,:);
hold(app.UIAxes,'on');
plot3(app.UIAxes,p(:,1),p(:,2),p(:,3),'Marker','+');
David Young
David Young on 6 Jul 2020
This seems very fiddly when a ButtonDownFcn callback for uiaxes would be so simple. Is there a reason why uiaxes can't support that callback? Are there plans to introduce a ButtonDownFcn callback for uiaxes? I see that it is a property already, but you can't set it.
The old axes object does have a ButtonDownFcn callback which seems to work fine.
For why it isn't always useful to set a callback on a child of uiaxes (e.g. a line object), see my reply to Will Grant below.
David Young
David Young on 6 Jul 2020
I've now worked out what I need to do if a user is to be able to click in a uiaxes without having to accurately hit the line in a (possibly complex) plot.
I have to set a WindowButtonDownFcn callback on the uifigure, which calls each function in an array held in a property of my app object. Every time I create a uiaxis that has to respond to a button press, I have to add a corresponding function to the array. That function has to test whether the CurrentPoint property of the corresponding axis is within the axis limits of the uiaxes object - if so, it can then carry out the actions.
This is just horrendous. Please can we have a ButtonDownFcn callback for uiaxes!

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More Answers (3)

Paramonte
Paramonte on 15 Oct 2019
Hi
I cannot find the "WindowButtonDownFcn" upon on doing the callback, in my case, this is a callback for a listbox ui (inherited from guide generated Ui). i am working with version R2019a.
Am I doing anything wrong?
Thanks in advance

  1 Comment

Jan
Jan on 28 Nov 2019
The question is not clear.

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Stephanie
Stephanie on 8 Nov 2019
I have been making GUI's since 2008a. So I have done a few. I am now in Matlab 2019a. I am not trying to use the App Designer which is very nice but has some large wholes in it's functionality that I really need. One of them is using the ButtonDownFcn on a line to have the program add circles where I clicked on the line and I can then use the circles to removed or fill these data points (to remove spikes from data).
I found this page in my search to find a replacement for the buttondownfcn. So I have the WindowButtonDownFcn in the UIFigure to run a callback when I click on a line. Works great until I change the x and y limits of the graph. So when I click on the line the callback adds circles to the line where I clicked and I change the x and y limits (xlim and ylim) to "zoom" in on the line and dots just created. All the lines that I did not click on are still there and I can see them. Put then I try and click on them in this "zoomed" mode nothing happens. When I look at the event.Source.CurrentObject in the callback for these attempts it is empty. But if I click on my "Unselect: button, which removes the circles and changes the x and y limts (xlim and ylim) back so you can see all the lines ("unzoomed"), then I can click on any line again.
There are some other odd behaviors when using zoom + to zoom in or the home button.
I have searched online to find some place to start to figure out what is going on. This was the only page I could find that seemed relavent. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
Stephanie
The two lines I use to change the x and y limits when a line it clicked on
xlim(app.SignalUIAxes,[er(1)-10 er(end)+10])
ylim(app.SignalUIAxes,[nanmin(ydata(er))-drng nanmax(ydata(er))+drng])
>> ver
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
MATLAB Version: 9.6.0.1072779 (R2019a)
Operating System: Microsoft Windows 8.1 Version 6.3 (Build 9600)
Java Version: Java 1.8.0_181-b13 with Oracle Corporation Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM mixed mode
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
MATLAB Version 9.6 (R2019a)
Curve Fitting Toolbox Version 3.5.9 (R2019a)
Deep Learning Toolbox Version 12.1 (R2019a)
GUI Layout Toolbox Version 2.3.4 (R2018b)
GUI Layout Toolbox Version 2.3 (R2016b)
Image Processing Toolbox Version 10.4 (R2019a)
Mapping Toolbox Version 4.8 (R2019a)
Partial Differential Equation Toolbox Version 3.2 (R2019a)
Signal Processing Toolbox Version 8.2 (R2019a)
Statistics and Machine Learning Toolbox Version 11.5 (R2019a)
Symbolic Math Toolbox Version 8.3 (R2019a)

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Will Grant
Will Grant on 28 May 2020
Edited: Will Grant on 28 May 2020
The modern way of handling this behavior is to set an event handler on the line/surf/etc plot objects themselves.
This gets around messing with limits, testing which object fired, etc.
plot([1 2], [1 2], 'ButtonDownFcn', @(o, e) clickHandler(o, e));
OR
p = plot([1 2], [1 2]);
p.ButtonDownFcn = @(o, e) clickHandler(o, e);
function clickHandler(o, e)
...
end

  1 Comment

David Young
David Young on 6 Jul 2020
The problem with this is that you have to click on the line itself. That can be quite tricky if you have, for example, a waveform that is very compressed on the time axis - which might well be the case if what you want to do is to generate an expanded view of a section. If you could click anywhere in the axes, it would be easier for the user, and just as simple for the programmer. If this is more modern, please give me the old-fashioned ButtonDownFcn callback in uiaxes!

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