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Find repeating rows in a matrix and replace with zeros

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I have a large matrix (5683384x2 double) containing xy-coordinates of an ROI mask. If an xy-coordinate does not repeat enough times, I want to set the row to zeros.
For example if my matrix is [9 10; 9 10; 9 10; 9 10; 9 10; 7 12; 3 4; 3 4; 3 4; 3 4]. I want to replace rows that do not repeat 3 times, so [7 12] would become [0 0]. Is there any way to do this?

Accepted Answer

Monika Jaskolka
Monika Jaskolka on 3 Nov 2020
Edited: Monika Jaskolka on 3 Nov 2020
This can probably be optimized, but it works to replace rows that don't occur more times than the set threshold, in this case 3 times.
M = [9 10; 9 10; 9 10; 9 10; 9 10; 7 12; 3 4; 3 4; 3 4; 3 4; 7 12];
threshold = 3;
[~, ~, ic] = unique(M, 'rows', 'stable');
numOccurances = accumarray(ic, 1);
idxToDelete = false(size(M,1), 1);
for i = 1:length(numOccurances)
if numOccurances(i) < threshold
duplicateRows = find(ic==i);
idxToDelete(duplicateRows) = true;
end
end
M(idxToDelete,:) = 0;
If you want to delete the rows entirely, you can replace the last line with this:
M(idxToDelete,:) = []; % Alternatively, delete rows
  2 Comments
Monika Jaskolka
Monika Jaskolka on 3 Nov 2020
No problem! If the answer worked for you, please press the "Accept this answer" button.

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More Answers (1)

Bruno Luong
Bruno Luong on 3 Nov 2020
Edited: Bruno Luong on 3 Nov 2020
M = [9 10; 9 10; 9 10; 9 10; 9 10; 7 12; 3 4; 3 4; 3 4; 3 4; 7 12];
minlgt = 3; % keep all rows consecutively repeated at least minlgt times
i = find([true; any(diff(M,1,1),2); true]);
lgt = diff(i);
removed = lgt<minlgt;
M(repelem(i(removed),lgt(removed)),:) = 0

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