Number to Scientific Prefix

versión 4.0.1 (19.3 KB) por Stephen23
Convert a numeric value to SI-prefixed text (aka engineering / metric prefix). Bonus: binary prefixes!

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Actualizada 29 Nov 2022

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The function NUM2SIP converts a numeric scalar into a string with an SI prefix (aka metric prefix, or engineering prefix). For example the value 1000 is converted to '1 k'. The bonus function NUM2BIP converts from numeric to binary-prefixed string, for example the value 1024 is converted to '1 Ki'.
After testing many submissions on MATLAB FEX (see Acknowledgements) and not finding a single one that converted all values correctly and that supported the correct SI spacing, I wrote my own functions. And then exhaustively tested them to confirm that they actually give the correct output.
These functions are particularly useful to help create publications following SI standards, or where control over significant digits and trailing zeros is required, or for including numeric values in figures.
This submission:
  • Always includes the space character (required by the SI standard).
  • Automatically selects the most suitable prefix.
  • Rounds to the requested significant figures (default==5).
  • Prefix may be selected as either the full name ('kilo') or the symbol ('k').
  • Trailing decimal zeros of the coefficient may be included or removed.
  • Rounds up to the next prefix when significant figures require, e.g. '1 M', not '1000 k'.
  • Includes the prefixes added in 2022: ronna, quetta, ronto, and quecto.
Reverse Conversion
To convert from prefixed string to numeric:
SI Prefix Examples
>> num2sip(10000) % OR num2sip(1e4)
ans = '10 k'
>> num2sip(10000,4,true)
ans = '10 kilo'
>> num2sip(10000,4,false,true)
ans = '10.00 k'
>> num2sip(999,3)
ans = '999 '
>> num2sip(999,2)
ans = '1 k'
>> num2sip(0.5e6)
ans = '500 k'
>> num2sip(0.5e6,[],'M')
ans = '0.5 M'
>> sprintf('Power: %swatt', num2sip(200e6,[],true))
ans = 'Power: 200 megawatt'
>> sprintf('Clock frequency is %sHz.', num2sip(1234567890,3))
ans = 'Clock frequency is 1.23 GHz.'
>> num2sip(sip2num('9 T')) % 9 tera == 9e12 == 9*1000^4
ans = '9 T'
Binary Prefix Examples
>> num2bip(10240) % OR num2bip(1.024e4) OR num2bip(pow2(10,10)) OR num2bip(10*2^10)
ans = '10 Ki'
>> num2bip(10240,4,true)
ans = '10 kibi'
>> num2bip(10240,4,false,true)
ans = '10.00 Ki'
>> num2bip(1023,3)
ans = '1020 '
>> num2bip(1023,2)
ans = '1 Ki'
>> num2bip(pow2(19))
ans = '512 Ki'
>> num2bip(pow2(19),[],'Mi')
ans = '0.5 Mi'
>> sprintf('Memory: %sbyte', num2bip(pow2(200,20),[],true))
ans = 'Memory: 200 mebibyte'
>> sprintf('Data saved in %sB.', num2bip(1234567890,3))
ans = 'Data saved in 1.15 GiB.'
>> num2bip(bip2num('9 Ti')) % 9 tebi == pow2(9,40) == 9*1024^4
ans = '9 Ti'
SI Prefixes (Bureau International des Poids et Mesures)
Magnitude | Symbol | Name
1000^-10 | q | quecto
1000^-9 | r | ronto
1000^-8 | y | yocto
1000^-7 | z | zepto
1000^-6 | a | atto
1000^-5 | f | femto
1000^-4 | p | pico
1000^-3 | n | nano
1000^-2 | µ | micro
1000^-1 | m | milli
1000^0 | |
1000^+1 | k | kilo
1000^+2 | M | mega
1000^+3 | G | giga
1000^+4 | T | tera
1000^+5 | P | peta
1000^+6 | E | exa
1000^+7 | Z | zetta
1000^+8 | Y | yotta
1000^+9 | R | ronna
1000^+10 | Q | quetta
Binary Prefixes (IEC 60027-2 A.2 and ISO/IEC 80000-13:2008)
Magnitude | Symbol | Name
1024^1 | Ki | kibi
1024^2 | Mi | mebi
1024^3 | Gi | gibi
1024^4 | Ti | tebi
1024^5 | Pi | pebi
1024^6 | Ei | exbi
1024^7 | Zi | zebi
1024^8 | Yi | yobi
Notes
These functions have been extensively tested against many edge cases, with particular attention to ensuring the correct rounding for all choices of significant figures. Compared to similar submissions available on MATLAB File Exchange, these functions correctly:
  • include the space character between the coefficient and the prefix, even if there is no prefix (try value 1).
  • round to the requested significant figures (try 0.999 or 999e3, with 1 or 2 sigfig).
  • return a coefficient without a prefix for zero and values outside the prefix range (try values 0, Inf, 1E99).
  • return a coefficient without an exponent when the significant digits are less than three (try 1e5 to 1 sigfig).

Citar como

Stephen23 (2022). Number to Scientific Prefix (https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/33174-number-to-scientific-prefix), MATLAB Central File Exchange. Recuperado .

Compatibilidad con la versión de MATLAB
Se creó con R2010b
Compatible con la versión R2009b y siguientes
Compatibilidad con las plataformas
Windows macOS Linux

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