Main Content


Create meander dipole antenna


The dipoleMeander class creates a meander dipole antenna with four dipoles. The antenna is center fed and it is symmetric about its origin. The first resonance of meander dipole antenna is at 200 MHz.

The width of the dipole is related to the diameter of an equivalent cylindrical dipole by the equation


, where:

  • d is the diameter of equivalent cylindrical dipole.

  • r is the radius of equivalent cylindrical dipole.

For a given cylinder radius, use the cylinder2strip utility function to calculate the equivalent width. The default strip dipole is center-fed. The feed point coincides with the origin. The origin is located on the xy- plane.




dm = dipoleMeander creates a meander dipole antenna with four dipoles.

dm = dipoleMeander(Name,Value) creates a meander dipole antenna with four dipoles, with additional properties specified by one or more name-value pair arguments. Name is the property name and Value is the corresponding value. You can specify several name-value pair arguments in any order as Name1, Value1, ..., NameN, ValueN. Properties not specified retain their default values.


expand all

Dipole width, specified as a scalar in meters.

Example: 'Width',0.05

Data Types: double

Length of individual dipole arms, specified as a vector in meters. The total number of dipole arms generated is :


where N is the number of specified arm lengths.

Example: 'ArmLength',[0.6000 0.5000 1 0.4000]

Data Types: double

Notch length along the length of the antenna, specified as a scalar in meters.

For example, in a dipole meander antenna with seven stacked arms there are six notches.

Example: 'NotchLength',1

Data Types: double

Notch width perpendicular to the length of the antenna, specified as a scalar in meters.

Example: 'NotchWidth',1

Data Types: double

Type of the metal used as a conductor, specified as a metal material object. You can choose any metal from the MetalCatalog or specify a metal of your choice. For more information, see metal. For more information on metal conductor meshing, see Meshing.

Example: m = metal('Copper'); 'Conductor',m

Example: m = metal('Copper'); ant.Conductor = m

Lumped elements added to the antenna feed, specified as a lumped element object. For more information, see lumpedElement.

Example: 'Load',lumpedelement. lumpedelement is the object for the load created using lumpedElement.

Example: dm.Load = lumpedElement('Impedance',75)

Tilt angle of the antenna, specified as a scalar or vector with each element unit in degrees. For more information, see Rotate Antennas and Arrays.

Example: Tilt=90

Example: Tilt=[90 90],TiltAxis=[0 1 0;0 1 1] tilts the antenna at 90 degrees about the two axes defined by the vectors.


The wireStack antenna object only accepts the dot method to change its properties.

Data Types: double

Tilt axis of the antenna, specified as:

  • Three-element vector of Cartesian coordinates in meters. In this case, each coordinate in the vector starts at the origin and lies along the specified points on the X-, Y-, and Z-axes.

  • Two points in space, each specified as three-element vectors of Cartesian coordinates. In this case, the antenna rotates around the line joining the two points in space.

  • A string input describing simple rotations around one of the principal axes, 'X', 'Y', or 'Z'.

For more information, see Rotate Antennas and Arrays.

Example: TiltAxis=[0 1 0]

Example: TiltAxis=[0 0 0;0 1 0]

Example: TiltAxis = 'Z'

Data Types: double

Object Functions

showDisplay antenna, array structures or shapes
infoDisplay information about antenna or array
axialRatioAxial ratio of antenna
beamwidthBeamwidth of antenna
chargeCharge distribution on antenna or array surface
currentCurrent distribution on antenna or array surface
designDesign prototype antenna or arrays for resonance around specified frequency
efficiencyRadiation efficiency of antenna
EHfieldsElectric and magnetic fields of antennas; Embedded electric and magnetic fields of antenna element in arrays
impedanceInput impedance of antenna; scan impedance of array
meshMesh properties of metal, dielectric antenna, or array structure
meshconfigChange mesh mode of antenna structure
optimizeOptimize antenna or array using SADEA optimizer
patternRadiation pattern and phase of antenna or array; Embedded pattern of antenna element in array
patternAzimuthAzimuth pattern of antenna or array
patternElevationElevation pattern of antenna or array
rcsCalculate and plot radar cross section (RCS) of platform, antenna, or array
returnLossReturn loss of antenna; scan return loss of array
sparametersCalculate S-parameter for antenna and antenna array objects
vswrVoltage standing wave ratio of antenna


collapse all

Create and view the default meander dipole antenna.

dm = dipoleMeander
dm = 
  dipoleMeander with properties:

          Width: 0.0040
      ArmLength: [0.0880 0.0710 0.0730 0.0650]
    NotchLength: 0.0238
     NotchWidth: 0.0170
      Conductor: [1x1 metal]
           Tilt: 0
       TiltAxis: [1 0 0]
           Load: [1x1 lumpedElement]


Figure contains an axes object. The axes object with title dipoleMeander antenna element, xlabel x (mm), ylabel y (mm) contains 3 objects of type patch, surface. These objects represent PEC, feed.

Plot the radiation pattern of meander dipole antenna at a 200 MHz frequency.

dm = dipoleMeander;

Figure contains an axes object and other objects of type uicontrol. The axes object contains 3 objects of type patch, surface.


[1] Balanis, C.A. Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design. 3rd Ed. New York: Wiley, 2005.

Version History

Introduced in R2015a