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To use parallel computing as described in this chapter, you must have a Parallel Computing Toolbox™ license.
You can use any of the Statistics and Machine
functions with Parallel
constructs such as
spmd. However, some functions,
such as those with interactive displays, can lose functionality in parallel. In
particular, displays and interactive usage are not effective on workers (see Vocabulary for Parallel Computation).
Additionally, the following functions are enhanced to use parallel computing
internally. These functions use
parfor internally to
The following functions for fitting multiclass models for support vector machines and other classifiers are also enhanced to use parallel computing internally.
The following functions perform hyperparameter optimization in parallel.
This chapter gives the simplest way to use these enhanced functions in parallel.
For more advanced topics, including the issues of reproducibility and nested
parfor loops, see the other sections in this
For information on parallel statistical computing at the command line, enter
To have a function compute in parallel:
To run a statistical computation in parallel, first set up a parallel environment.
Setting up a parallel environment can take several seconds.
For a multicore machine, enter the following at the MATLAB® command line:
n is the number of workers you want to use.
Create an options structure with the
statset function. To run in
parallel, set the
UseParallel option to
paroptions = statset('UseParallel',true);
Call your function with syntax that uses the options structure. For example:
% Run crossval in parallel cvMse = crossval('mse',x,y,'predfun',regf,'Options',paroptions); % Run bootstrp in parallel sts = bootstrp(100,@(x)[mean(x) std(x)],y,'Options',paroptions); % Run TreeBagger in parallel b = TreeBagger(50,meas,spec,'OOBPred','on','Options',paroptions);
For more complete examples of parallel statistical functions, see Use Parallel Processing for Regression TreeBagger Workflow, Implement Jackknife Using Parallel Computing, Implement Cross-Validation Using Parallel Computing, and Implement Bootstrap Using Parallel Computing.
After you have finished computing in parallel, close the parallel environment:
To save time, keep the pool open if you expect to compute in parallel again soon.