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Visualize Document Clusters Using LDA Model

This example shows how to visualize the clustering of documents using a Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) topic model and a t-SNE plot.

A latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA) model is a topic model which discovers underlying topics in a collection of documents and infers word probabilities in topics. The vectors of per-topic word probabilities characterize the topics. You can evaluate document similarity using an LDA model by comparing the per-document topic probabilities, also known as topic mixtures.

Load LDA Model

Load the LDA model factoryReportsLDAModel which is trained using a data set of factory reports detailing different failure events. For an example showing how to fit an LDA model to a collection of text data, see Analyze Text Data Using Topic Models.

load factoryReportsLDAModel
mdl = 
  ldaModel with properties:

                     NumTopics: 7
             WordConcentration: 1
            TopicConcentration: 0.5755
      CorpusTopicProbabilities: [0.1587 0.1573 0.1551 0.1534 0.1340 0.1322 0.1093]
    DocumentTopicProbabilities: [480×7 double]
        TopicWordProbabilities: [158×7 double]
                    Vocabulary: [1×158 string]
                    TopicOrder: 'initial-fit-probability'
                       FitInfo: [1×1 struct]

Visualize the topics using word clouds.

numTopics = mdl.NumTopics;

title("LDA Topics")

for i = 1:numTopics
    title("Topic " + i)

Visualize Document Clusters Using t-SNE

The t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding (t-SNE) algorithm projects high-dimensional vectors to 2-D space. This embedding makes it easy to visualize similarity between high-dimensional vectors. By plotting the document topic mixtures according to the t-SNE algorithm, you can visualize the clustering of similar documents.

Project the topic mixtures in the DocumentTopicProbabilties property into 2-D space using the tsne function.

XY = tsne(mdl.DocumentTopicProbabilities);

For the plot groups, identify the top topic for each document.

[~,topTopics] = max(mdl.DocumentTopicProbabilities,[],2);

For the plot labels, find the top three words for each topic.

for i = 1:numTopics
    top = topkwords(mdl,3,i);
    topWords(i) = join(top.Word,", ");

Plot the projected topic mixtures using the gscatter function. Specify the top topics as the grouping variable and display a legend with the top words for each topic.


title("Topic Mixtures")

legend(topWords, ...
    Location="southoutside", ...

The t-SNE plot highlights clusters occurring in the original high-dimensional data.

See Also

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