# Features selection - Supervised learning

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Andrea Herranz Bernardino el 29 de Nov. de 2023
Respondida: Image Analyst el 29 de Nov. de 2023
Hello,
I have a matrix 252x15. The number of rows correspond to the number of patients, whereas the number of columns represent different features - except for column 1 which is the label for my dataset.
This are the steps I have already performed:
1. Generate a number of smaller datasets by randomly selecting 10, 20, . . . data points (xn, yn).
2. For each dataset, apply linear regression to obtain a linear hypothesis.
3. Repeat the process for a quadratic non-linear transform.
lm = fitlm(XTrain,YTrain); %fuction used for the linear fit
Now I want to know: which are the three most important features for the linear and quadratic model?
How will be the code like?
Regards
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Image Analyst el 29 de Nov. de 2023
Why not use Principal Components Analysis?
help pca
PCA Principal Component Analysis (PCA) on raw data. COEFF = PCA(X) returns the principal component coefficients for the N by P data matrix X. Rows of X correspond to observations and columns to variables. Each column of COEFF contains coefficients for one principal component. The columns are in descending order in terms of component variance (LATENT). PCA, by default, centers the data and uses the singular value decomposition algorithm. For the non-default options, use the name/value pair arguments. [COEFF, SCORE] = PCA(X) returns the principal component score, which is the representation of X in the principal component space. Rows of SCORE correspond to observations, columns to components. The centered data can be reconstructed by SCORE*COEFF'. [COEFF, SCORE, LATENT] = PCA(X) returns the principal component variances, i.e., the eigenvalues of the covariance matrix of X, in LATENT. [COEFF, SCORE, LATENT, TSQUARED] = PCA(X) returns Hotelling's T-squared statistic for each observation in X. PCA uses all principal components to compute the TSQUARED (computes in the full space) even when fewer components are requested (see the 'NumComponents' option below). For TSQUARED in the reduced space, use MAHAL(SCORE,SCORE). [COEFF, SCORE, LATENT, TSQUARED, EXPLAINED] = PCA(X) returns a vector containing the percentage of the total variance explained by each principal component. [COEFF, SCORE, LATENT, TSQUARED, EXPLAINED, MU] = PCA(X) returns the estimated mean, MU, when 'Centered' is set to true; and all zeros when set to false. [...] = PCA(..., 'PARAM1',val1, 'PARAM2',val2, ...) specifies optional parameter name/value pairs to control the computation and handling of special data types. Parameters are: 'Algorithm' - Algorithm that PCA uses to perform the principal component analysis. Choices are: 'svd' - Singular Value Decomposition of X (the default). 'eig' - Eigenvalue Decomposition of the covariance matrix. It is faster than SVD when N is greater than P, but less accurate because the condition number of the covariance is the square of the condition number of X. 'als' - Alternating Least Squares (ALS) algorithm which finds the best rank-K approximation by factoring a X into a N-by-K left factor matrix and a P-by-K right factor matrix, where K is the number of principal components. The factorization uses an iterative method starting with random initial values. ALS algorithm is designed to better handle missing values. It deals with missing values without listwise deletion (see {'Rows', 'complete'}). 'Centered' - Indicator for centering the columns of X. Choices are: true - The default. PCA centers X by subtracting off column means before computing SVD or EIG. If X contains NaN missing values, NANMEAN is used to find the mean with any data available. false - PCA does not center the data. In this case, the original data X can be reconstructed by X = SCORE*COEFF'. 'Economy' - Indicator for economy size output, when D the degrees of freedom is smaller than P. D, is equal to M-1, if data is centered and M otherwise. M is the number of rows without any NaNs if you use 'Rows', 'complete'; or the number of rows without any NaNs in the column pair that has the maximum number of rows without NaNs if you use 'Rows', 'pairwise'. When D < P, SCORE(:,D+1:P) and LATENT(D+1:P) are necessarily zero, and the columns of COEFF(:,D+1:P) define directions that are orthogonal to X. Choices are: true - This is the default. PCA returns only the first D elements of LATENT and the corresponding columns of COEFF and SCORE. This can be significantly faster when P is much larger than D. NOTE: PCA always returns economy size outputs if 'als' algorithm is specifed. false - PCA returns all elements of LATENT. Columns of COEFF and SCORE corresponding to zero elements in LATENT are zeros. 'NumComponents' - The number of components desired, specified as a scalar integer K satisfying 0 < K <= P. When specified, PCA returns the first K columns of COEFF and SCORE. 'Rows' - Action to take when the data matrix X contains NaN values. If 'Algorithm' option is set to 'als, this option is ignored as ALS algorithm deals with missing values without removing them. Choices are: 'complete' - The default action. Observations with NaN values are removed before calculation. Rows of NaNs are inserted back into SCORE at the corresponding location. 'pairwise' - If specified, PCA switches 'Algorithm' to 'eig'. This option only applies when 'eig' method is used. The (I,J) element of the covariance matrix is computed using rows with no NaN values in columns I or J of X. Please note that the resulting covariance matrix may not be positive definite. In that case, PCA terminates with an error message. 'all' - X is expected to have no missing values. All data are used, and execution will be terminated if NaN is found. 'Weights' - Observation weights, a vector of length N containing all positive elements. 'VariableWeights' - Variable weights. Choices are: - a vector of length P containing all positive elements. - the string 'variance'. The variable weights are the inverse of sample variance. If 'Centered' is set true at the same time, the data matrix X is centered and standardized. In this case, PCA returns the principal components based on the correlation matrix. The following parameter name/value pairs specify additional options when alternating least squares ('als') algorithm is used. 'Coeff0' - Initial value for COEFF, a P-by-K matrix. The default is a random matrix. 'Score0' - Initial value for SCORE, a N-by-K matrix. The default is a matrix of random values. 'Options' - An options structure as created by the STATSET function. PCA uses the following fields: 'Display' - Level of display output. Choices are 'off' (the default), 'final', and 'iter'. 'MaxIter' - Maximum number of steps allowed. The default is 1000. Unlike in optimization settings, reaching MaxIter is regarded as convergence. 'TolFun' - Positive number giving the termination tolerance for the cost function. The default is 1e-6. 'TolX' - Positive number giving the convergence threshold for relative change in the elements of L and R. The default is 1e-6. Example: load hald; [coeff, score, latent, tsquared, explained] = pca(ingredients); See also PPCA, PCACOV, PCARES, BIPLOT, BARTTEST, CANONCORR, FACTORAN, ROTATEFACTORS. Documentation for pca doc pca Other uses of pca gpuArray/pca tall/pca
Look at the "Explained". It will tell you the relative importance of the different PCs (which are a weighted sum of the feature values). The first PC contains the most important features while lower down PCs contain features of lesser importance.
I'm also not sure why you're doing it a bunch of times with subsets of the data rather than using all the data you have.
Have you tried the RegressionLearner app on the Apps tab of the tool ribbon? You can try a bunch of different models (e.g. Gaussian Process Regression, Neural Networks, SVM, decision trees, etc.) and select the best one.
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