# Colormap for multline plot

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Matt el 25 de Feb. de 2020
Respondida: Abby Skofield el 20 de Sept. de 2023
How do I change the colormap of a multiline plot and have it change the colors of the existing lines? I am using Matlab 2018b. Here is a simple example.
x = rand(10,1000);
t = 0:999;
plot(t, x)
colormap winter
colormap white
colormap flag
fh = gcf;
fh.Colormap = colormap('flag');
fh.Children(1).Colormap = colormap('flag');
For me, the colors of the lines do not change. The following also did not work, the lines are plotted using the "default" color scheme.
fh2 = figure;
fh2.Colormap = colormap('flag');
ax = axes(fh);
ax = axes(fh2);
ax.Colormap = colormap('flag');
plot(ax, t, x)
Invoking "colorbar" shows a colorbar using the desired colormap. Using colormap with surf(peaks) does change the color of that plot. How do I change the colormap of a 2D multiline plot?
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Bhaskar R el 25 de Feb. de 2020
"A colormap is matrix of values between 0 and 1 that define the colors for graphics objects such as surface, image, and patch objects. MATLAB® draws the objects by mapping data values to colors in the colormap." from https://in.mathworks.com/help/matlab/ref/colormap.html
But you are trying to apply colormap to line data instead of surface, image, patch data objects.
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### Más respuestas (3)

Abby Skofield el 20 de Sept. de 2023
As @Walter Roberson mentioned, you can use the colororder command (starting in R2019b) to specify a color palette for multiple plots. Starting in R2023b, you can use one of several predefined palette names like 'reef', 'meadow' and 'glow' in the colororder command:
x = 0:0.1:20;
y = zeros(5,201);
for i = 0:4
y(i+1,:) = besselj(i,x);
end
plot(x,y,LineWidth = 2)
colororder('reef')
title('reef colororder')
The difference between "colororder" and "colormap" is sometimes a bit confusing. Colormaps are useful when color is used to indicate a value in a continous range, whereas colororder is useful when you simply want to differentate between different plots. For example, wtih the seamount data set, we can use a colormap to illustrate the depth of the ocean floor at each scatter point. More similar colors (red:orange) indicate depth measurements that are more similar, while further colors (red:blue) indicate depth measurements that are further apart.
scatter(x,y,[],z,"filled");
colormap turbo
title("Colormap Example")
cb = colorbar;
title(cb,"Depth (m)")
In this second example with the fisheriris dataset, the three scatter series are automatically asigned a different color from the colororder so we can differentiate measurements from the different species of iris. Nothing about the colors is meant to indicate any relationship between the series - there are simply three different species in the visualization and our only requirement is to tell which is which.
scatter(meas(species=="setosa",1),meas(species=="setosa",2),"filled")
hold on
scatter(meas(species=="virginica",1),meas(species=="virginica",2),"filled")
scatter(meas(species=="versicolor",1),meas(species=="versicolor",2),"filled")
colororder dye
title("Color Order Example")
legend("setosa","virginica","versicolor")
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Sindar el 25 de Feb. de 2020
Editada: Sindar el 25 de Feb. de 2020
I believe this should work:
mylines = plot(t, x);
set(mylines,{'Color'},flag(length(mylines)))
For 2019b+, colororder is the function that controls this. I think the way you'd pass a colormap is
colororder(flag)
but you might need
colororder(flag(100))
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Mathias el 31 de Mayo de 2021
This doesn't work for me in Matlab 2017b:
mylines = plot(t, x);
set(mylines,{'Color'},flag(length(mylines)))
Error using matlab.graphics.chart.primitive.Line/set
Invalid parameter/value pair arguments.
But this works:
myCmapCell = num2cell(myCmapArray,2);
mylines = plot(t, x);
[mylines.Color] = myCmapCell{:};
Walter Roberson el 31 de Mayo de 2021
mylines = plot(t, x);
set(mylines,{'Color'}, num2cell(flag(length(mylines)),2))
when you use a cell array of parameter names, like {'Color'}, then you need a cell array of values to set.
This is an appropriate way to set the entries to different colors.
If you were to try
set(mylines, 'Color', something)
then that would be attempting to set the Color parameter of all the entries in mylines to the same value stored in something -- for example, 'Color', 'g' to set them all to green.

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Walter Roberson el 25 de Feb. de 2020
line() colors are not affected by the colormap, ever. They are affected by the axes ColorOrder property.
In the release you are using, changing the ColorOrder property never affects lines that have already been drawn: you have to set the Color property of each of the line() objects that already exists.
Starting in r2019b, there is a new colororder() function that can set the axes ColorOrder property. As well, by default changing the ColorOrder will affect lines that have already been drawn. (I do not recall at the moment how to turn that off)
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Matt el 25 de Feb. de 2020
Editada: Matt el 25 de Feb. de 2020
Looks like another reason to roll to the newer release. After reading the documentation tagged to the functions you mention I saw this wonderful statement "Changing the order has no effect on existing plots. However, many graphics functions reset the color order back to the default value before plotting."

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