# Error using sum function in function handle

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DIMITRIS GEORGIADIS on 11 Feb 2021
Hi everyone,
Using the following code, I get a matrix dimension error. This is caused only shen using sum inside the function.
% Data
y = [0.85 0.90]'; % Measurements array m x 1
m = length(y);
% Function
L = @(m_x,s_x) (1./s_x.^m).*exp(-0.5.*sum(((y - m_x)./s_x).^2));
% Visualization:
figure
fcontour(L,[0.6 1.4 0.05 0.15])
If I write the function analytically there is no problem.
L = @(m_x,s_x) (1./s_x.^m).*exp(-0.5.*(((y(1) - m_x)./s_x).^2 + ((y(2) - m_x)./s_x).^2));
Can anyone help me solve this issue?
DIMITRIS GEORGIADIS on 14 Feb 2021
Turning the function L first to a symbolic expression and then using the "matlabFunction" command fixes the problem.
% Data
y = [0.85 0.90]'; % Measurements array m x 1
m = length(y);
% Function
syms m_x s_x
L = (1./s_x.^m).*exp(-0.5.*sum(((y - m_x)./s_x).^2));
g = matlabFunction(L)
% Visualization:
figure
fcontour(g,[0.6 1.4 0.05 0.15])

Steven Lord on 11 Feb 2021
I suspect you have a variable named sum in your workspace when the anonymous function is created. If I'm correct the use of the identifier sum in L will be interpreted as an attempt to index into that variable not as a call to the sum function. Rename that variable.
DIMITRIS GEORGIADIS on 11 Feb 2021
Thank you for your answer but this is not the case. I have not a variable named sum. The beginning of the code is exactly as stated above.