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Convert Moving Target MATLAB Code to a Simulink Model

This example shows you how to convert MATLAB® algorithms into a Simulink® model using a moving target example. The conversion allows you to build models that contain MATLAB and Simulink components. This example uses MATLAB code for target creation and deletion then shows you how to convert that functionality into Simulink.

Moving Target MATLAB Code

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This example uses MATLAB to create, move, visualize, and delete targets. Two different MATLAB packages generate two separate target databases. The target creator is a System object® since it requires the use of states. The target database is a global database. The target checker, which determines if the target is out of range and deletes the target if it is out of range, is a System object because it requires the use of states. The target position updater is a simple algorithm and is therefore a MATLAB function. The target visualizer is a System object and requires the use of states.

For this example, an initDB function is used to initialize the global database and create the Target Struct. Then, the targets are created using the Target Creator function and the Target Creation info Package. The out-of-range targets are then deleted. The target range is 5 for this example, so any target greater than 5 is deleted, and the remaining target positions are updated. This process is looped over 100 times and visualized as it runs.


Moving Target Simulink Model

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The MATLAB script can be converted into a Simulink model that has the same functionality. The Target Database is converted to a DSM using the Model PostLoadFcn and Simulink.Bus.createObject. Convert the Target Creation info Package to a Simulink Function. The target creator, target deleter, and target viewer are each converted into a MATLAB System block since they use System objects in MATLAB. The target viewer also uses a Display block to visualize the targets as the simulation runs. The target updater is converted into a MATLAB Function block since it is a simple MATLAB function that does not use System objects or states. The number of time steps in the loop corresponds with the stop time in the toolbar.

The target creator uses scoped functions in the MATLAB code to call the target creation packages. Use the getGlobalNamesImpl and getSimulinkFunctionNamesImpl APIs in Simulink to declare the function names for the Target Creator System object. These functions declare the target creation package position and velocity names in the target creation package so the package can be called by the System objects in Simulink.

To run the model, click Run. After the model compiles, it produces a visualization just like in the MATLAB code.


Common Conversions of MATLAB Code to Simulink Behavior

This list includes some examples of how you can map MATLAB code to Simulink blocks, parameters, and features.

  • struct — Bus

  • Array of struct — Array of buses

  • Global — Data Store Memory

  • Function — MATLAB Function block

  • System object — MATLAB System block

  • System object calls to external functions — System block calls to Simulink functions

  • Scheduling algorithm — Stateflow® chart

  • Top-level loop (for example: "for t = 1:0.1:10") — Simulink start time, stop time, and time step

  • Parameter tuning in MATLAB algorithms — Simulink tunable parameters

  • Iteration over an array — For-each subsystem

  • if-else loop — If block and if-action subsystem

  • Switch-case statement — Switch Case block and Switch Case Action Subsystem block

  • while loop — While Iterator block

  • Global access to resources, such as databases, file handles, communication ports, or hardware devices — Data Store Memory or Simulink Functions

  • Persistent variables — Discrete states in System object or persistent keyword in MATLAB Function block

  • Dynamic array — Variable-size signals

  • Fixed-point fi object — Simulink fixed-point

  • Cell array — Use struct to represent uniform cell array