Morphologically dilate binary pixel stream
System object™ morphologically dilates a binary pixel stream. This operation replaces each pixel with the local maximum of the neighborhood around the
pixel. The object operates on a stream of binary pixel intensity values.
To morphologically dilate a binary pixel stream:
visionhdl.Dilation object and set its properties.
Call the object with arguments, as if it were a function.
To learn more about how System objects work, see What Are System Objects?
a System object that morphologically dilates a binary pixel stream.
dilator = visionhdl.Dilation
sets properties using one or more name-value arguments. For example,
dilator = visionhdl.Dilation(
'Neighborhood',getnhood(strel('disk',4)) specifies a
4-by-4 disk-pattern neighborhood.
Unless otherwise indicated, properties are nontunable, which means you cannot change their
values after calling the object. Objects lock when you call them, and the
release function unlocks them.
If a property is tunable, you can change its value at any time.
For more information on changing property values, see System Design in MATLAB Using System Objects.
Neighborhood— Pixel neighborhood
[0,1,0;1,1,1;0,1,0](default) | vector or matrix of binary values
Pixel neighborhood, specified as a vector or matrix of binary values.
The object supports neighborhoods of up to 32-by-32 pixels. To
use a structuring element, set the
Neighborhood property to
shape is specified by the input arguments to the
strel (Image Processing Toolbox) function.
LineBufferSize— Size of line memory buffer
2048(default) | positive integer
Size of line memory buffer, specified as a positive integer. Choose a power of two that accommodates the number of active pixels in a horizontal line. If you specify a value that is not a power of two, the buffer uses the next largest power of two.
The object allocates (n –
LineBufferSize memory locations to store the pixels,
where n is the number of lines in the
Neighborhood property value.
PaddingMethod— Method for padding boundary of input image
Method for padding the boundary of the input image, specified as one of these values.
'Constant' — The object pads the image with
zeros. These values prevent dilation at the boundaries of the
'None' — Exclude padding logic. The object does not set the pixels
outside the image frame to any particular value. This option reduces the hardware resources
that are used by the object and reduces the blanking that is required between frames.
However, this option affects the accuracy of the output pixels at the edges of the frame. To
maintain pixel stream timing, the output frame is the same size as the input frame. However,
to avoid using pixels calculated from undefined padding values, mask off the
n/2 pixels around the edge of the frame for downstream operations.
n is the size of the operation kernel. For more details, see Increase Throughput with Padding None.
For more information about these methods, see Edge Padding.
This object uses a streaming pixel interface with a structure
for frame control signals. This interface enables the object to operate independently of image
size and format and to connect with other Vision HDL Toolbox™ objects. The object accepts and returns a scalar pixel value and control signals
as a structure containing five signals. The control signals indicate the validity of each pixel
and its location in the frame. To convert a pixel matrix into a pixel stream and control
signals, use the
visionhdl.FrameToPixels object. For a full
description of the interface, see Streaming Pixel Interface.
To use an object function, specify the
System object as the first input argument. For
example, to release system resources of a System object named
Load a source image from a file. Select a portion of the image that matches the desired test size. This source image contains pixel intensity values of
uint8 data type. Apply a threshold to convert the pixel data to binary values.
frmOrig = imread('rice.png'); frmActivePixels = 64; frmActiveLines = 48; frmInput = frmOrig(1:frmActiveLines,1:frmActivePixels); frmInput = frmInput>128; figure imshow(frmInput,'InitialMagnification',300) title 'Input Image'
Create a serializer System object™ and define inactive pixel regions. Set the number of inactive pixels following each active line to at least double the horizontal size of the neighborhood. Set the number of lines following each frame to at least double the vertical size of the neighborhood.
frm2pix = visionhdl.FrameToPixels(... 'NumComponents',1, ... 'VideoFormat','custom', ... 'ActivePixelsPerLine',frmActivePixels, ... 'ActiveVideoLines',frmActiveLines, ... 'TotalPixelsPerLine',frmActivePixels+20, ... 'TotalVideoLines',frmActiveLines+10, ... 'StartingActiveLine',3, ... 'FrontPorch',10);
Create a morphological dilation System object.
dilator = visionhdl.Dilation(... 'Neighborhood',getnhood(strel('disk',3)));
Serialize the test image by calling the serializer object.
pixin is a vector of intensity values.
ctrlin is a vector of control signal structures.
[pixin,ctrlin] = frm2pix(frmInput);
Prepare to process the pixel stream by preallocating output vectors.
[~,~,numPixelsPerFrame] = getparamfromfrm2pix(frm2pix); pixout = false(numPixelsPerFrame,1); ctrlout = repmat(pixelcontrolstruct,numPixelsPerFrame,1);
For each pixel in the padded frame, compute the morphed value. Monitor the control signals to determine the latency of the object. The latency of a configuration depends on the number of active pixels in a line and the size of the neighborhood.
foundValIn = false; foundValOut = false; for p = 1:numPixelsPerFrame if (ctrlin(p).valid && foundValIn==0) foundValIn = p; end [pixout(p),ctrlout(p)] = dilator(pixin(p),ctrlin(p)); if (ctrlout(p).valid && foundValOut==0) foundValOut = p; end end objLatency_cycles = foundValOut - foundValIn
objLatency_cycles = 184
Create a deserializer System object with a format that matches the serializer format. Convert the pixel stream to an image frame by calling the deserializer object. Display the resulting image.
pix2frm = visionhdl.PixelsToFrame(... 'NumComponents',1, ... 'VideoFormat','custom', ... 'ActivePixelsPerLine',frmActivePixels, ... 'ActiveVideoLines',frmActiveLines); [frmOutput,frmValid] = pix2frm(pixout,ctrlout); if frmValid figure imshow(frmOutput,'InitialMagnification',300) title 'Output Image' end
This object implements the algorithms described on the Dilation block reference page.
This System object supports C/C++ code generation for accelerating MATLAB® simulations, and for DPI component generation. For more information about acceleration, see Accelerate a Pixel-Streaming Design Using MATLAB Coder. For more information about DPI component generation, see Considerations for DPI Component Generation with MATLAB (HDL Verifier).
To generate HDL code from Vision HDL Toolbox System objects, see Design a Hardware-Targeted Image Filter in MATLAB.
imdilate(Image Processing Toolbox)